An agreement reached in 2015 between the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to limit global warming to as near as possible to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels.  

A microorganism that causes disease. 

Associated with the open ocean or upper waters of the ocean. 

A region between the outer suburbs and the countryside. 

Referring to a chemical reaction that is triggered by the effect of light on molecules. 

That where there are threats or potential threats of serious or irreversible environmental damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason for postponing measures to prevent environmental degradation (AHC and ACIUCN 2002).  

Event, condition or process that results in degradation of the environment. 

The production of organic compounds from atmospheric or aquatic carbon dioxide, principally through photosynthesis. 

A form of land ownership where the land titleholder has the power to sell, lease, license and mortgage the land. Minerals and petroleum remain property of the Crown. All dealings are subject to compliance with planning and environmental laws, including the protection of heritage and sacred sites.   

The human-made goods and financial assets that are used to produce goods and services consumed by society. 

Recognised interests in land or property vested in an individual or group. Rights may apply separately to land and to property on it (e.g. houses, apartments or offices). A recognised interest may include customary, statutory or informal social practices that enjoy social legitimacy at a given time and place. 

A clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed through legal or other effective means to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services such as clean water and cultural values. 

Those ecosystem services representing the material contributions to benefits supplied by ecosystems. 


A measure of acidity or alkalinity on a log scale from 0 (extremely acidic) through 7 (neutral) to 14 (extremely alkaline, or basic).