2021 Somewhat adequate confidence Native and threatened plants are generally in a poor state and deteriorating, with increased clearing, invasive species and urban expansion among the key threats. Related to United Nations Sustainable Development Goal targets 15.1, 15.2, 15.4, 15.5 Legend How was this assessment made For more information, go toFlora and fauna Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on Linkedin Share this link Assessment Plants in low-density human population areas, including high-altitude areas, rangelands, northern savannas and rainforest 2021 Somewhat adequate confidence 2016 2011 Plants in low-density human population areas are impacted by extensive and persistent pressures, including competition from invasive plants, climate change and extreme events. Overall, their condition has remained poor but stable over the past 5 years; however, there are areas of very high impact, and subsequently very poor condition, due to transforming processes, including habitat conversion, extreme weather and fire events. Assessment Plants in high-density human population areas, including urban and peri-urban areas and in intensive agricultural areas. particularly in south-east and south-west Australia 2021 Somewhat adequate confidence 2016 2011 Plants in these areas are subject to ongoing, significant and extensive impacts, and persist in ecosystems with substantial loss of ecological function. Impacts such as extreme events, clearing, urban expansion, invasive plants and animals, pathogens and plant disease, and other human activities are persistent and increasing in some areas. Many threatened and at-risk plant species occur in these areas.