2021 Somewhat adequate confidence Many signs indicate that the health of Country is deteriorating, which has negative impacts on people–Country connections. Negative trends are consistent across regions. Legal recognition of Indigenous–Country connection is increasing, but traditional laws and governance are poorly recognised, leading to problems for Country and Indigenous people. Access to Country is difficult for many Indigenous people, and the distinctive cultural, spiritual and physical relationships are stronger than the economic relationships. Related to United Nations Sustainable Development Goal targets 2.5, 6.6, 14.2, 15.1 Legend How was this assessment made For more information, go toCountry and connections Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on Linkedin Share this link Assessment The health of Australia’s lands and seas that underpins distinctive cultural, spiritual, physical and economic connections with Indigenous people 2021 Adequate confidence Many early warning signs are showing that things are wrong. We are losing species, which greatly impacts culture and our connections. Regionally consistent. Assessment Areas of Australia’s land and seas covered by or subject to, Indigenous people’s legal rights or interests 2021 Somewhat adequate confidence The Indigenous land and sea estate is growing, but there is a developing crisis if Indigenous organisations do not have adequate legal rights to negotiate agreements and rights. Legal recognition has increased overall, but Indigenous rights are highly constrained by Australian governments’ laws. Traditional laws, lore and governance are poorly recognised. Few rights are recognised over the seas and inland waters. Economic opportunities are limited for many Indigenous communities as they are struggling to operate. Regionally variable, great increases in some places and little in many (e.g. south-eastern Australia). Assessment Maintenance of a distinctive cultural, spiritual, physical and economic relationship between Indigenous people and Country through sufficient access to their land and waters 2021 Somewhat adequate confidence Access to land and waters is generally not sufficient. Economic relationships are highly dependent on funding and contracts, which are lacking. The distinctive cultural, spiritual and physical relationships continue. Regionally variable.