ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2020). Survey of motor vehicle use, Australia, ABS, Canberra, https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/industry/tourism-and-transport/survey-motor-vehicle-use-australia/latest-release#data-download.
AEMO (Australian Energy Market Operator) (2020). 2020 integrated system plan for the National Electricity Market, AEMO, Melbourne.
Allam L & Evershed N (2019). Too hot for humans? First Nations people fear becoming Australia’s first climate refugees. The Guardian, 18 December, https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2019/dec/18/too-hot-for-humans-first-nations-people-fear-becoming-australias-first-climate-refugees.
Ashcroft L, Trewin B, Benoy M, Ray D & Courtney C (2021). The world’s longest known parallel temperature dataset: a comparison between daily Glaisher and Stevenson screen temperature data at Adelaide, Australia, 1887–1947. International Journal of Climatology:1–18.
Baird W (2008). Climate change and Indigenous peoples (speech), Native Title Conference, Australian Human Rights Commission, Perth.
Blunden J & Boyer T (2020). State of the climate in 2020, vol. 102, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, issue 8, Si–S475.
BOM & CSIRO (Bureau of Meteorology & Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) (2020). State of the climate 2020, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2019). Special climate statement 72: dangerous bushfire weather in spring 2019, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2020a). Special climate statement 70: drought conditions in Australia and impact on water resources in the Murray–Darling Basin, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2020b). Climate change: trends and extremes, BOM, Melbourne, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/change/#tabs=Tracker&tracker=timeseries.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2020c). Special climate statement 73: extreme heat and fire weather in December 2019 and January 2020, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2021). About the sea surface temperature timeseries graphs, BOM, Melbourne, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/change/about/sst_timeseries.shtml.
Callaghan J & Power S (2011). Variability and decline in the number of severe tropical cyclones making land-fall over eastern Australia since the late nineteenth century. Climate Dynamics 37:647–662.
Castillo A (2009). Sea level rise in Kowanyama. Our world, Tokyo, https://ourworld.unu.edu/en/sea-level-rise-in-kowanyama.
Central Land Council (2019). Traditional Owners ask climate strikers to think of them as the Territory heats up, Central Land Council, Alice Springs, https://www.clc.org.au/traditional-owners-ask-climate-strikers-to-think-of-them-as-the-territory-h/.
CER (Clean Energy Regulator) (2021). Quarterly carbon market report, CER, Canberra.
Clarke H, Lucas C & Smith P (2012). Changes in Australian fire weather between 1973 and 2010. International Journal of Climatology 33(4):931–944.
Climate Active (2019). Climate Active, Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, Canberra, 12 October 2021, https://www.climateactive.org.au/whos-climate-active.
Climate Change in Australia (2021). Climate information, projections, tools and data, CSIRO, https://www.climatechangeinaustralia.gov.au/en/.
ClimateWorks Australia (2021). Net Zero Momentum Tracker, ClimateWorks Australia, Melbourne, https://www.climateworksaustralia.org/net-zero/.
Coates L, Haynes K, O’Brien J, McAneney J & de Oliveira D (2014). Exploring 167 years of vulnerability: an examination of extreme heat events in Australia 1844–2010. Environmental Science & Policy 42:33–44.
Coder KD (1999). Drought damage to trees, Warnell School of Forest Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.
CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) (2021). Latest Cape Grim greenhouse gas data, CSIRO, Canberra, https://www.csiro.au/en/research/natural-environment/atmosphere/latest-greenhouse-gas-data.
DELWP (Victorian Government Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning) (2019). Victoria’s climate science report 2019, DELWP, Melbourne.
DES (Queensland Government Department of Environment and Science) (2021). Reef report cards, DES, Brisbane, https://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/tracking-progress/reef-report-card.
DHHS (Victorian Department of Health & Human Services) (2012). January 2009 heatwave in Victoria: an assessment of health impacts, DHHS, Melbourne.
Diaz E (2008). Climate change, forest conservation and Indigenous peoples rights, discussion paper, Darwin.
Dietzel A, Bode M, Connolly S & Hughes T (2020). Long-term shifts in the colony size structure of coral populations along the Great Barrier Reef. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 287:20201432.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2019). National Greenhouse Accounts 2019, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2020a). Estimating greenhouse gas emissions from bushfires in Australia’s temperate forests: focus on 2019–20, technical update, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2020b). Quarterly update of Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory: December 2020, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021). Australian energy statistics, table O, electricity generation by fuel type 2019–20 and 2020, DISER, Canberra, https://www.energy.gov.au/publications/australian-energy-statistics-table-o-electricity-generation-fuel-type-2019-20-and-2020.
Dowdy A (2018). Climatological variability of fire weather in Australia. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 57(2):221–234.
DPIE (NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment) (2019). Guide to climate change risk assessment for NSW local government, DPIE, Sydney.
Forster P, Forster H, Evans M, Gidden M, Jones C, Keller C, Lamboll R, Le Quere C, Rogelj J, Rosen D, Schleussner C-F, Richardson T, Smith C & Turnock S (2020). Current and future global climate impacts resulting from COVID-19. Nature Climate Change 10:913–919.
Friedlingstein P, O’Sullivan M, Jones MW, Andrew RM, Hauck J, Olsen A et al. (2020). Global carbon budget 2020. Earth System Science Data 12:3269–3340.
GBRMA & CSIRO (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority & Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) (2021). Reef snapshot: summer 2020–21, Cairns.
GBRMA (Great Barrier Reef Marine Authority) (2019). Outlook report 2019, GBRMA, Townsville.
Gergis J, Ashcroft L & Whetton P (2020). A historical perspective on Australian temperature extremes. Climate Dynamics 55:843–868.
Gettelman A, Lamboll R, Bardeen G, Forster P & Watson-Parris D (2020). Climate impacts of COVID-19 induced emission changes. Geophysical Research Letters 48(3):e2020GL091805.
Gidden M, Riahi K, Smith S, Fujimori S, Luderer G, Kriegler E et al. (2019). Global emissions pathways under different socioeconomic scenarios for use in CMIP6: a dataset of harmonized emissions trajectories through the end of the century. Geoscientific Model Development 12(4):1443–1475.
Green D, Alexander L, McInnes K, Church J, Nicholls N & White N (2010). An assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation for the Torres Strait Islands, Australia. Climate Change 102:405–433.
Griffith University & CSIRO (2014). Climate change in northern Australia: information on climate change for Aboriginal people living in the north, Brisbane.
Griggs D, Lynch A, Joachim L, Zhu X, Adler C, Bischoff-Mattson Z, Wang P & Kestin T (2014). Learning from Indigenous knowledge for improved natural resource management in the Barmah-Millewa in a changing and variable climate, final report, Victorian Centre for Climate Change Adaptation Research, Melbourne.
Grose M, Black M, Risbey J, Uhe P, Hope P, Haustein K & Mitchell D (2018). Severe frosts in Western Australia in September 2016. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99(1):S150–S154.
Grose M, Black M, Wang G, King A, Hope P & Karoly D (2020). The warm and extremely dry spring in 2015 in Tasmania contained the fingerprint of human influence on the climate. Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science 69(1):183–195.
Hague B & Trewin B (2014). An investigation into a 53-year sub-alpine snow record. Bulletin of the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society 27:65−70.
Hill R, Pert P, Davies J, Robinson C, Walsh F & Falco-Mammone F (2013). Indigenous land management in Australia: extent, scope, diversity, barriers and success factors, CSIRO, Cairns.
Hope P, Lim E-P, Hendon H & Wang G (2018). The effect of increasing CO2 on the extreme September 2016 rainfall across southeastern Australia. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99(1):S133–S138.
Hughes T, Kerry J, Connolly S, Baird A, Eakin C, Heron S, Hoey A, Hoogenboom M, Jacobson M, Liu G, Pratchett M, Skirving W & Torda G (2019). Ecological memory modifies the cumulative impact of recurrent climate extremes. Nature Climate Change 9:40–43.
Indian Ocean Climate Initiative (2012). Western Australia’s weather and climate: a synthesis of Indian Ocean Climate Initiative Stage 3 research, CSIRO & Bureau of Meteorology, Canberra.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2018). Special report: global warming of 1.5 °C, IPCC, New York.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2021). Sixth assessment report, IPCC, New York.
IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency) (2020). Renewable power generation costs in 2019, IRENA, Abu Dhabi.
King A (2018). Natural variability not climate change drove the record wet winter in southeast Australia. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99(1):S139–S143.
Kirchmeier-Young M, Wan H & Zhang X (2021). Anthropogenic contribution to the rainfall associated with the 2019 Ottawa River flood. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 102(1):S33–S38.
Le Quere C, Jackson R, Jones M, Smith A, Abernethy S, Andrew R, De-Gol A, Willis D, Shan Y, Canadell J, Friedlingstein P, Creutzig F & Peters G (2020). Temporary reduction in daily global CO2 emissions during the COVID-19 forced confinement. Nature Climate Change 10:647–653.
Leech N & Onwuegbuzie A (2009). A typology of mixed methods research designs. Quality & Quantity 43:265–275.
Lewis S, Blake S, Trewin B, Black M, Dowdy A, Perkins-Kirkpatrick S, King A & Sharples J (2020). Deconstructing factors contributing to the 2018 fire weather in Queensland, Australia. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101(1):S115–S122.
Lim EP, Hendon HH, Butler AH, Thompson DWJ, Lawrence ZD, Scaife AA et al. (2021). The 2019 Southern Hemisphere stratospheric polar vortex weakening and its impacts. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 102(6):E1150–E1171.
Lough J, Cantin N, Benthuysen J & Cooper T (2015). Environmental drivers of growth in massive Porites corals over 16 degrees of latitude along Australia’s northwest shelf. Limnology and Oceanography 61:684–700.
Marine Biodiversity Hub (2020). Workshopping seagrass (Wirriya Jalyanu) restoration in Shark Bay (Gathaagudu), Marine Biodiversity Hub, https://www.nespmarine.edu.au/news/workshopping-seagrass-wirriya-jalyanu-restoration-shark-bay-gathaagudu.
McArthur A (1967). Fire behaviour in eucalypt forests, Forestry and Timber Bureau, Canberra.
MDBA (Murray–Darling Basin Authority) (2021). Flows in the River Murray system, MDBA, Canberra, https://www.mdba.gov.au/water-management/regular-reports-murray-data-storages/flows-river-murray-system.
Monash University (2021). Aboriginal populations used bogong moths as a food source 2,000 years ago, researchers find, Monash University, Melbourne, https://www.monash.edu/news/articles/aboriginal-populations-used-bogong-moths-as-a-food-source-2,000-years-ago,-researchers-find.
Morgan-Bulled D, McNeair B, Delaney D, Deshong S, Gilbert J, Mosby H et al. (2021). National first peoples gathering on climate change, Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub Report No. 29, workshop report, Earth Systems Climate Change Hub.
Noble I, Gill A & Bary G (1980). McArthur’s fire-danger meters expressed as equations. Australian Journal of Ecology 5(2):201–203.
O’Donnell A, McCaw W, Cook E & Geierson P (2021). Megadroughts and pluvials in southwest Australia: 1350–2017 CE. Climate Dynamics 57:1817–1831.
Pepler A, Ashcroft L & Trewin B (2018). The relationship between the subtropical ridge and Australian temperatures. Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science 68(1):201–214.
Pepler A, Trewin B & Ganter C (2015). The influences of climate drivers on the Australian snow season. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 65:2.
Rainbird J (2016). Adapting to sea-level rise in the Torres Strait, case study for CoastAdapt, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast.
Reed K, Wehner M, Stansfield A & Zarzycki C (2021). Anthropogenic influence on hurricane Dorian’s extreme rainfall. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 102(1):S9–S15.
SCCC (Select Council on Climate Change) (2012). Roles and responsibilities for climate change adaptation in Australia, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra.
Suppiah R, Collier M & Kent D (2011). Climate change projections for the Torres Strait region. In: Chan F, Marinova D & Anderssen RS (eds), 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Perth, 12–16 December 2011, Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, 2775–2781.
Systems Engineering Australia (2011). Torres Strait extreme water level study, Torres Strait Regional Authority, Thursday Island.
Tooth R, Li W & McWha V (2020). National Insurance Project: final report, Mitigation and Risk Sub-Committee of the Australia–New Zealand Emergency Management Committee, Melbourne.
Trewin B, Fawcett R, Martin D, Oke A & Watkins A (2021). Australia’s 2019/20 summer of extremes and its climate drivers. In: Proceedings of the 101st American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, online, 10–15 January 2021, American Meteorological Society, Boston.
TSRA (Torres Strait Regional Authority) (2014). Torres Strait Climate Change Strategy 2014–2018, TSRA, Thursday Island.
TSRA (Torres Strait Regional Authority) (2021). Adapting to climate change, TSRA, Thursday Island, https://www.tsra.gov.au/the-tsra/programmes/env-mgt-program/adapting-to-climate-change.
UNCC (United Nations Climate Change) (2017). Indigenous empowerment is vital for climate action, UNCC, Bonn, https://unfccc.int/news/indigenous-empowerment-is-vital-for-climate-action.
UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs) (2021). Indigenous peoples, United Nations, New York, https://www.un.org/development/desa/indigenouspeoples/.
United Nations University (2007). Traditional Knowledge Initiative, United Nations University, Tokyo, https://unu.edu/projects/traditional-knowledge-initiative.html.
URPS (2016). AdaptWest climate change adaptation plan, Government of South Australia, Adelaide.
van Oldenborgh G, Krikken F, Lewis S, Leach N, Lehner F, Saunders K et al. (2021). Attribution of the Australian bushfire risk to anthropogenic climate change. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 21(3):941–960.
VBRC (Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission) (2009). 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission final report, Parliament of Victoria, Melbourne.
WHO (World Health Organization) (2018). Climate change and health, WHO, Geneva, https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/climate-change-and-health.
World Bank (2003). Implementation of operational directive 4.20 on indigenous peoples: an independent desk review, World Bank, Washington, DC.
World Bank (2008). Social dimensions of climate change: workshop report, World Bank, Washington, DC.
Zooniverse (2021). Rainfall rescue, Zooniverse, Oxford, https://www.zooniverse.org/projects/edh/rainfall-rescue.