2021 Somewhat adequate confident Based on social and economic indicators, most urban residents experience a high level of wellbeing in relation to their environment, especially compared with international examples,. However, this varies with location and socio-economic circumstances. Climate change may affect the wellbeing of urban residents directly by increasing the impacts of heatwaves, and of storms for coastal cities. Related to United Nations Sustainable Development Goal targets 3.9, 6.1, 7.1, 11.7 Legend How was this assessment made For more information, go toOutlook and impacts Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on Linkedin Share this link Assessment Liveability 2021 Medium confidence The livability of Australia’s largest cities is increasing with improving access to urban services, and a broader choice of jobs and housing. Livability continues to be good in smaller urban areas that impact the environment less. However, citizens in these areas have poorer access to jobs, services and facilities. Assessment Resource availability and security 2021 High confidence Larger urban areas place more strain on demand for water and energy and resources while increasing overall consumption. Despite some efficiency gains, all urban areas are facing resource security challenges, particularly in areas of high population growth and greater vulnerability to climate change.