AAS (Australian Academy of Science) (2019). Investigation of the causes of mass fish kills in the Menindee Region NSW over the summer of 2018–2019, AAS, Canberra.
ABARES (Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences) (2020a). Fishery status reports 2020, ABARES, Canberra.
ABARES (Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences) (2020b). National Priority List of Exotic Environmental Pests, Weeds and Diseases dataset (public summary version 1.0) (dataset), ABARES, Canberra, https://www.agriculture.gov.au/abares/research-topics/invasive-species/national-priority-list-dataset.
ABARES (Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences) (2021). Forest fire data, ABARES, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/abares/forestsaustralia/forest-data-maps-and-tools/fire-data#fire-area-and-area-of-forest-in-fire-area-by-jurisdiction.
Abbott BN, Wallace J, Nicholas D, Karim F & Waltham N (2020). Bund removal to re-establish tidal flow, remove aquatic weeds and restore coastal wetland services: north Queensland, Australia. PLoS ONE 15(1):e0217531.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2017a). Feature article: accounting for land changes in the Great Barrier Reef, cat. no. 4609.0.55.003, ABS, Canberra.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2017b). Census of Population and Housing: counts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, ABS, Canberra, https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/people/aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples/census-population-and-housing-counts-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians/latest-release.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2018). Land management and farming in Australia: information on Australian agricultural businesses management practices, including soil enhancers, fertiliser use, cropping and pasture management, ABS, Canberra, https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/industry/agriculture/land-management-and-farming-australia/latest-release.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2019). Characteristics of new residential dwellings: a 15 year summary, ABS, Canberra, https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/8752.0Feature+Article2Dec%202018.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (2021). Agricultural commodities, Australia: statistics on the production of agricultural commodities including cereal and broadacre crops, fruit and vegetables and livestock on Australian farms, ABS, Canberra.
ACCC (Australian Competition and Consumer Commission) (2020). Northern Australia insurance inquiry: final report, ACCC, Canberra.
ACF (Australian Conservation Foundation) (2020). The extinction crisis in Australia’s cities and towns, ACF, Melbourne.
ACSA (Australian Citizen Science Association) (2021). ACSA’s project finder, ACSA, Sydney, https://citizenscience.org.au/ala-project-finder/.
AHC (Australian Heritage Commission) (2002). Ask first: a guide to respecting Indigenous heritage places and values, AHC, Canberra.
AIDR (Australian Institute for Disaster Resilience) (2017). Major incidents of the year 2016–17, AIDR, Melbourne.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) (2016). Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011, AIHW, Canberra.
AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) (2019). Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015, AIHW, Canberra.
AIMS (Australian Institute of Marine Science) (2020). Annual summary report on coral reef condition for 2019/20, AIMS, Townsville.
AIMS (Australian Institute of Marine Science) (2021). AIMS index of marine industry, AIMS, Townsville.
Althaus F & Williams A (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – seamounts, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Ammendolia J, Saturno J, Brooks AL, Jacobs S & Jambeck JR (2021). An emerging source of plastic pollution: environmental presence of plastic personal protective equipment (PPE) debris related to COVID-19 in a metropolitan city. Environmental Pollution 269:116160.
ANAO (Australian National Audit Office) (2020). Referrals, assessments and approvals of controlled actions under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, Auditor General Report no. 47 2019–20, ANAO, Canberra.
Anim A, Thompson K, Duodu G, Tscharke B, Birch G, Goonetilleke A, Ayoko G & Mueller J (2020). Pharmaceuticals, personal care products, food additive and pesticides in surface waters from three Australian east coast estuaries (Sydney, Yarra and Brisbane). Marine Pollution Bulletin 153:111014.
APL (Australian Pork Limited) (2021). National feral pig action plan, APL, Canberra, https://feralpigs.com.au.
ARENA (Australian Renewable Energy Agency) (2021). Wind energy, ARENA, Canberra, https://arena.gov.au/renewable-energy/wind/.
Arlinghaus R, Tillner R & Bork M (2015). Explaining participation rates in recreational fishing across industrialised countries. Fisheries Management and Ecology 22(1):45–55.
Austin BJ, Robinson CJ, Fitzsimons JA, Sandford M, Ens EJ, Macdonald JM, Hockings M, Hinchley DG, McDonald FB & Corrigan C (2018). Integrated measures of Indigenous land and sea management effectiveness: challenges and opportunities for improved conservation partnerships in Australia. Conservation and Society 16(3):372–384.
Australian Government (2015). Threatened species strategy, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, Canberra.
Australian Government (2016). Working with Indigenous communities: leading practice sustainable development program for the mining industry, Australian Government, Canberra.
Australian Government (2020). Bioregional Assessment Program, Australian Government, Canberra, https://www.bioregionalassessments.gov.au/bioregional-assessment-program.
Australian Government (2021a). Geological and Bioregional Assessment Program, Australian Government, Canberra, https://www.bioregionalassessments.gov.au/gba.
Australian Government (2021b). Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) Australian information portal, Australian Government, Canberra, https://www.pfas.gov.au.
Australian governments (2021). Australia’s nature hub, Australian governments, Canberra, https://www.australiasnaturehub.gov.au.
Australian Museum (2021). DigiVol, Australian Museum, Sydney, https://volunteer.ala.org.au.
Australian Space Agency (2019). Advancing space: Australian civil space strategy 2019–2028, Australian Space Agency, Canberra.
AWI (Australian Wool Innovation Ltd) (2021). National wild dog action plan, AWI, Sydney, https://wilddogplan.org.au.
Babcock R, Bustamante R, Fulton E, Fulton D, Haywood M, Hobday A, Kenyon R, Matear R, Plagányi E, Richardson A & Vanderklift M (2019a). Severe continental-scale impacts of climate change are happening now: extreme climate events impact marine habitat forming communities along 45% of Australia’s coast. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:411.
Babcock R, Thomson D, Haywood M, Vanderklift M, Pillans R, Rochester W et al. (2020). Recurrent coral bleaching in north-western Australia and associated declines in coral cover. Marine and Freshwater Research 72(5):620–632.
Babcock RC, Bustamante RH, Fulton EA, Fulton DJ, Haywood MDE, Hobday AJ, Kenyon R, Matear RJ, Plagányi EE, Richardson AJ & Vanderklift M (2019b). Severe and extensive climate change impacts are happening now: recent dieback of marine habitat forming communities along 40% of a continental coast. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:411.
Baird M, Mongin M & Bougeot E (2019). Reef Restoration and Adaptation Program: ultra-thin surface films, Reef Restoration and Adaptation Program, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville.
Barrett J, Chase Z, Zhang J, Holl M, Willis K, Williams A, Hardesty B & Wilcox C (2020). Microplastic pollution in deep-sea sediments from the Great Australian Bight. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:576170.
Barrett N, Edgar G, Jordan A & Connell S (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessments: state and trend – algal beds, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Beaumont N, Aanesen M, Austen M, Börger T, Clark J, Cole M, Hooper T, Lindeque P, Pascoe C & Wyles K (2019). Global ecological, social and economic impacts of marine plastic. Marine Pollution Bulletin 142:189–195.
Beers J & Jayasundara N (2015). Antarctic notothenioid fish: what are the future consequences of ‘losses’ and ‘gains’ acquired during long-term evolution at cold and stable temperatures? Journal of Experimental Biology 218(12):1834–1845.
Beggs P, Zhang Y, Bambrick H, Berry H, Linnenluecke M, Bi P et al. (2019). The 2019 report of the MJA-Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: a turbulent year with mixed progress. Medical Journal of Australia 211(11):490–491.e21.
Bellard C, Leroy B, Thuiller W, Rysman J-F & Courchamp F (2016). Major drivers of invasion risks throughout the world. Ecosphere 7(3):e01241.
BenDor T, Lester T, Livengood A, Davis A & Yonavjak L (2015). Estimating the size and impact of the ecological restoration economy. PLoS ONE 10(6):e0128339.
Bennett NJ, Whitty TS, Finkbeiner E, Pittman J, Bassett H, Gelcich S & Allison EH (2018). Environmental stewardship: a conceptual review and analytical framework. Environmental Management 61(4):597–614.
Benthuysen J, Oliver E, Feng M & Marshall A (2018). Extreme marine warming across tropical Australia during austral summer 2015–2016. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123(2):1301–1326.
Bergstrom D, Wienecke B, van den Hoff J, Hughes L, Lindenmayer D, Ainsworth T et al. (2021). Combating ecosystem collapse from the tropics to the Antarctic. Global Change Biology 27(9):1692–1703.
Bino G, Kingsford R & Brandis K (2016). Australia’s wetlands: learning from the past to manage for the future. Pacific Conservation Biology 22(2):116–129.
Binskin M, Bennett A & Macintosh A (2020). Report of the Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements, Australian Government, Canberra.
Biodiversity Working Group (2016). Report on the review of the first five years of Australia’s biodiversity conservation strategy 2010–2030, Australian Government Department of the Environment, Canberra.
Bird D, Govan J, Murphy H, Harwood S, Haynes K, Carson D, Russell S, King D, Wensing E, Tsakissiris N & Larkin S (2013). Future change in ancient worlds: Indigenous adaptation in northern Australia, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast.
Birrer S, Dafforn K, Sun M, Williams R, Potts J & Scanes P (2019). Using meta‐omics of contaminated sediments to monitor changes in pathways relevant to climate regulation. Environmental Microbiology 21:389–401.
Birrer S, Dafforn KA & Johnston EL (2017). Microbial community responses to contaminants and the use of molecular techniques. In: Microbial ecotoxicology, Springer, New York, 165–183.
BITRE (Bureau of Infrastructure and Transport Research Economics) (2020). Yearbook 2020: Australian infrastructure statistics, BITRE, Canberra.
Black KD (2001). Environmental impacts of aquaculture, Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield.
Blunden J & Boyer T (2020). State of the climate in 2020. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 120(8):Si–S475.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2018). Water in Australia 2016–17, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2019). Flows into Kati Thanda–Lake Eyre, Water Focus Report autumn 2019, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2020a). Climate change: trends and extremes, BOM, Melbourne, http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/change/#tabs=Tracker&tracker=timeseries.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2020b). Water in Australia 2018–19, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2020c). Special climate statement 73: extreme heat and fire weather in December 2019 and January 2020, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2020d). 2020 marine heatwave on the Great Barrier Reef, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2021a). Water in Australia 2019–20, BOM, Melbourne.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2021b). Severe Tropical Cyclone Seroja, BOM, Melbourne, http://www.bom.gov.au/cyclone/history/seroja.shtml.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2021c). National Water Account 2020: Daly, BOM, Melbourne, http://www.bom.gov.au/water/nwa/2020/daly/index.shtml.
BOM (Bureau of Meteorology) (2021d). Tropical cyclone reports, BOM, Melbourne, http://www.bom.gov.au/cyclone/tropical-cyclone-knowledge-centre/history/past-tropical-cyclones/.
Borchers-Arriagada N, Palmer AJ, Bowman DMJS, Morgan GG, Jalaudin BB & Johnston FH (2020). Unprecedented smoke-related health burden associated with the 2019–20 bushfires in eastern Australia. Medical Journal of Australia 213:282–283.
Bosch N, Monk J, Goetze J, Wilson S, Babcock R, Barrett N et al. (2021). Effects of human footprint and biophysical factors on the body‐size structure of fished marine species. Conservation Biology Jul 27:doi: 10.1111/cobi.13807.
Braby M (2019). Are insects and other invertebrates in decline in Australia? Austral Entomology 58(3):471–477.
Bradshaw J, Hoskins A, Haubrock P, Cuthbert R, Diagne C, Leroy B, Andrews L, Page B, Cassey P, Sheppard A & Courchamp F (2021). Detailed assessment of the reported economic costs of invasive species in Australia. NeoBiota 67:511–550.
Brooks S, Jabour J, van den Hoff J & Bergstrom D (2019). Our footprint on Antarctica competes with nature for rare ice-free land. Nature Sustainability 2(3):185–190.
Brown M & Bodrossy L (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – microbial communities and processes, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Bruyère C, Buckley B, Prein A, Holland G, Leplastrier M, Henderson D, Chan P, Done J & Dyer A (2020). Severe weather in a changing climate, IAG, Sydney.
Bugnot A, Mayer-Pinto M, Airoldi L, Heery E, Johnston E, Critchley L, Strain E, Morris R, Loke L, Bishop M, Sheehan E, Coleman R & Dafforn K (2021). Current and projected global extent of marine built structures. Nature Sustainability 4(1):33–41.
Campbell A, Alexandra J & Curtis D (2017). Reflections on four decades of land restoration in Australia. Rangeland Journal 39(6):405–416.
Canadell P (2021). Global and regional carbon budgets, Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub, Australian Government National Environmental Science Program, Australia.
Canteiro M, Córdova-Tapia F & Brazeiro A (2018). Tourism impact assessment: a tool to evaluate the environmental impacts of touristic activities in natural protected areas. Tourism Management Perspectives 28:220–227.
Capon S, Chambers J, Barmuta L, Bino G, Bond N, Costelloe J et al. (2017). National climate change adaptation research plan for freshwater ecosystems and biodiversity, update 2017, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast.
Capon SJ, Castley JG, Palmer G, Linke S, Piccolo R, Henderseon E, Allely-Ferme E, Richmond S & Huijbers C (2020). A long-term monitoring framework for the Regional Land Partnerships Stage 2: final report, Griffith University, Queensland.
Caputi N, Kangas M, Chandrapavan A, Hart A, Feng M, Marin M & de Lestang S (2019). Factors affecting the recovery of invertebrate stocks from the 2011 Western Australian extreme marine heatwave. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:484.
Carwardine J, Martin T, Firn J, Reyes R, Nicol S, Reeson A, Grantham H, Stratford D, Kehoe L & Chadès I (2019). Priority threat management for biodiversity conservation: a handbook. Journal of Applied Ecology 56(2):481–490.
Cassis G, Laffan S & Ebach M (2017). Biodiversity and bioregionalisation perspectives on the historical biogeography of Australia. In: Ebach M (ed), Handbook of Australasian biogeography, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
Castaño-Sánchez A, Hose GC & Reboleira ASP (2020). Ecotoxicological effects of anthropogenic stressors in subterranean organisms: a review. Chemosphere 244:125422.
Centre for Population (2021). Centre for Population projections, Australian Government Centre for Population, Canberra, https://population.gov.au/data-and-forecasts/data-and-forecasts-projections.html.
CER (Clean Energy Regulator) (2021). Quarterly carbon market report, CER, Canberra.
CERES (2021). CERES, CERES, Melbourne, https://ceres.org.au.
Chadés I, Nicol S, van Leeuwen S, Walters B, Firn J, Reeson A, Martin TG & Carwardine J (2015). Benefits of integrating complementarity into priority threat management. Conservation Biology 29(2):525–536.
Charles JA & O’Brien L (2020). The survival of Aboriginal Australians through the harshest time in human history: community-strength. International Journal of Indigenous Health 15(1):5–20.
Chen Y, Colloff M, Lukasiewicz A & Pittock J (2020). A trickle, not a flood: environmental watering in the Murray–Darling Basin, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 72(5):601–619.
Chief Scientist of Australia (2015). Occasional paper on citizen science, Office of the Chief Scientist, Canberra.
Chilcott S, Freeman R, Davies PE, Crook DA, Fulton W, Hamr P, Jarvis D & Sanger AC (2013). Extinct habitat, extant species: lessons learned from conservation recovery actions for the Pedder galaxias (Galaxias pedderensis) in south-west Tasmania, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 64(9):864–873.
Chu J, Lee S, Timmermann A, Wengel C, Stuecker M & Yamaguchi R (2020). Reduced tropical cyclone densities and ocean effects due to anthropogenic greenhouse warming. Science Advances 6(51):eabd5109.
Clark G, Raymond B, Riddle M, Stark J & Johnston E (2015). Vulnerability of Antarctic shallow invertebrate‐dominated ecosystems. Austral Ecology 40(4):482–491.
Clark GF, Knott N, Miller B, Kelaher BP, Coleman M, Ushiama S & Johnston EL (2018). First large-scale ecological impact study of desalination outfall reveals trade-offs in effects of hypersalinity and hydrodynamics. Water Research 145:757–768.
Clarke B & Harvey N (2013). Wither coastal management in Australia: a call for national leadership. Journal of Coastal Research(65):915–920.
Clifford H, Pearson G, Franklin P, Walker R & Zosky G (2015). Environmental health challenges in remote Aboriginal Australian communities: clean air, clean water and safe housing. Australian Indigenous Health Bulletin 15(2):1–8.
Clynick BG, Chapman M & Underwood A (2007). Effects of epibiota on assemblages of fish associated with urban structures. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 332:201–210.
COAG (Council of Australian Governments) (2019). National per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) position statement: Appendix D to the Intergovernmental Agreement on a National Framework for Responding to PFAS Contamination, COAG, Canberra.
COAG (Council of Australian Governments) (2020). Intergovernmental Agreement on a National Framework for Responding to PFAS Contamination, COAG, Canberra.
Coates-Marnane J, Pausina S, Burton J, Haynes D, Oudyn F & Olley J (2021). A record of diatom community response to catchment land-use change in Moreton Bay, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 72(6):823–837.
Cockerell B, Pressey R, Grech A, Álvarez-Romero J, Ward T & Devillers R (2020). Representation does not necessarily reduce threats to biodiversity: Australia’s Commonwealth marine protected area system, 2012–2018. Biological Conservation 252:108813.
COMNAP (Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs) (2017). Antarctic station catalogue, COMNAP, Christchurch.
Condie S, Dunn D & Hobday A (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – ocean connectivity, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Cook GD & Dias L (2006). It was no accident: deliberate plant introductions by 545 Australian government agencies during the 20th century. Australian Journal of Botany 54(7):601–625.
Cooke J (2018). Balaenoptera musculus ssp. intermedia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Geneva.
Costanza R, de Groot R, Sutton P, van der Ploeg S, Anderson S, Kubiszewski I, Farber S & Turner R (2014). Changes in the global value of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 26:152–158.
Country Needs People (2018). Strong women on Country: the success of women caring for Country as Indigenous rangers and on Indigenous Protected Areas, Country Needs People, Australia.
Cox DTC, Shanahan DF, Hudson HL, Plummer KE, Siriwardena GM, Fuller RA, Anderson K, Hancock S & Gaston KJ (2017). Doses of neighborhood nature: the benefits for mental health of living with nature. BioScience 67(2):147–155.
Craik W (2018). Review of interactions between the EPBC Act and the agriculture sector, independent report prepared for the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Aither, Canberra.
Crozier J, Edmunds M, Stewart K & Gilmour P (2007). Victorian Subtidal Reef Monitoring Program, Parks Victoria technical series no. 47, Parks Victoria, Melbourne.
CSIRO & BOM (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation & Bureau of Meteorology) (2020). State of the climate 2020, CSIRO & BOM, Canberra.
CSIRO (2018). Climate Compass: a climate risk management framework for Commonwealth agencies, CSIRO, Australia.
CSIRO Futures (2020). Australia’s biosecurity future: unlocking the next decade of resilience (2020–2030), CSIRO, Canberra.
Cunsolo A, Harper SL, Minor K, Hayes K, Williams KG & Howard C (2020). Ecological grief and anxiety: the start of a healthy response to climate change? Lancet Planet Health 4(7):e261–e263.
Currie D, McClatchie S, Middleton J & Nayar S (2012). Biophysical factors affecting the distribution of demersal fish around the head of a submarine canyon off the Bonney coast, South Australia. PLoS ONE 7(1):e30138.
Dafforn K, Johnston E, Ferguson A, Humphrey C, Monk W, Nichols S, Simpson S, Tulbure M & Baird D (2015). Big data opportunities and challenges for assessing multiple stressors across scales in aquatic ecosystems. Marine and Freshwater Research 67(4):393–413.
Dafforn KA, Glasby T & Johnston E (2012). Comparing the invasibility of experimental ‘reefs’ with field observations of natural reefs and artificial structures. PLoS ONE 7(5):e38124.
Dales J (2011). Death by a thousand cuts: incorporating cumulative effects in Australia’s Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act. Washington International Law Journal 20:149.
Davey SM & Sarre A (2020). Editorial: the 2019/20 Black Summer bushfires. Australian Forestry 83(2):47–51.
Davies HF, Maier SW & Murphy BP (2020). Feral cats are more abundant under severe disturbance regimes in an Australian tropical savanna. Wildlife Research 47(8):624–632.
Davis C (ed) (2007). Water in Australia: facts, figures, myths and ideas, Australian Water Association, Sydney.
Davis JR & Koop K (2006). Eutrophication in Australian rivers, reservoirs and estuaries: a Southern Hemisphere perspective on the science and its implications. Hydrobiologia 559(1):23–76.
Davis RA & Watson DM (2018). Vagrants as vanguards of range shifts in a dynamic world. Biological Conservation 224:238–241.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2018). Australian and New Zealand guidelines for fresh and marine water quality: cultural and spiritual values, DAWE, Canberra, https://www.waterquality.gov.au/anz-guidelines/guideline-values/derive/cultural-values.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020a). Gondwana rainforests of Australia state of conservation update: April 2020, DAWE, Canberra.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020b). Australia: Present Major Vegetation Groups – NVIS Version 6.0 (Albers 100m analysis product), DAWE, Canberra.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020c). Evaluation of non-road diesel engine emissions, DAWE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/protection/air-quality/national-clean-air-agreement/evaluation-non-road-diesel-engine-emissions.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020d). National Pollutant Inventory, DAWE, Canberra, http://www.npi.gov.au.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020e). Threatened ecological communities that occur in areas affected by bushfires in southern and eastern Australia from 1 July 2019 and 11 February 2020 (dataset), DAWE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/biodiversity/bushfire-recovery/bushfire-impacts/priority-tecs.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020f). Threatened and migratory species known or predicted to occur in areas affected by bushfires in southern and eastern Australia from 1 August 2019 to 13 January 2020 (dataset), DAWE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/biodiversity/bushfire-recovery/bushfire-impacts#protected-species-in-bushfire-affected-areas.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020g). Australia: Pre-1750 Major Vegetation Groups – NVIS Version 6.0 (Albers 100m analysis product), DAWE, Canberra.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020h). Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment annual report 2019–20, DAWE, Canberra.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2020i). Australia’s sixth national report to the Convention on Biological Diversity 2014–2018, DAWE, Canberra.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2021a). Land accounts, DAWE, Canberra, https://eea.environment.gov.au/accounts/land-accounts.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2021b). Understanding World Heritage: what is outstanding universal value?, DAWE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/parks-heritage/heritage/about/world-heritage/outstanding-universal-value.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2021c). Approved threat abatement plans, DAWE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/biodiversity/threatened/threat-abatement-plans/approved.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2021d). Indigenous Protected Areas, DAWE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/agriculture-land/land/indigenous-protected-areas.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2021e). Australia’s bioregions (IBRA), DAWE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/agriculture-land/land/nrs/science/ibra#ibra.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2021f). EPBC Act listing eligibility for Megaptera novaeangliae (humpback whale), DAWE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/biodiversity/threatened/nominations/comment/megaptera-novaeangliae.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2021g). Portfolio budget statements 2020–21, DAWE, Canberra.
DAWE (Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment) (2021h). Indigenous partnership principles: National Environmental Science Program, DAWE, Canberra.
DAWR (Department of Agriculture and Water Resources) (2018). MarinePestPlan 2018–2023: the national strategic plan for marine pest biosecurity, DAWR, Canberra.
DEE (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy) (2017). State of the science of taxonomy in Australia: results of the 2016 Survey of Taxonomic Capacity, DEE, Canberra.
Deloitte Access Economics (2020). Cost benefit analysis of a mission to discover and document Australia’s species, report prepared for the Australian Academy of Science, Deloitte Access Economics, Perth.
DELWP (Victorian Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning) (2020). Cultural safety: ensuring our workplace is culturally safe, DELWP, Melbourne, https://www.delwp.vic.gov.au/aboriginalselfdetermination/cultural-safety.
DES (Queensland Department of Environment and Science) (2021). Reef 2050 water quality improvement plan: report card 2019, DES, Brisbane, https://www.reefplan.qld.gov.au/tracking-progress/reef-report-card/2019.
DFAT (Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade) (2021). Australian Government’s reporting platform on the SDG indicators, DFAT, Canberra, https://www.sdgdata.gov.au.
Díaz S, Pascual U, Stenseke M, Martín-López B, Watson RT, Molnár Z et al. (2018). Assessing nature’s contributions to people. Science 359(6373):270–272.
Dibke C, Fischer M & Scholz-Böttcher B (2021). Microplastic mass concentrations and distribution in German bight waters by pyrolysis–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry/thermochemolysis reveal potential impact of marine coatings: do ships leave skid marks? Environmental Science & Technology 55(4):2285–2295.
Dickman C, Driscoll D, Garnett S, Keith D, Legge S, Lindenmayer D, Maron M, Reside A, Ritchie E, Watson J, Wintle B & Woinarski J (2020). After the catastrophe: a blueprint for a conservation response to large-scale ecological disaster, Threatened Species Recovery Hub, Brisbane.
Didham RK, Tylianakis J, Gemmell N, Rand T & Ewers R (2007). Interactive effects of habitat modification and species invasion on native species decline. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22(9):489–496.
DIRD (Australian Government Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development) (2016). Trends: transport and Australia’s development to 2040 and beyond, DIRD, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2020a). National inventory by economic sector 2018: Australia’s national greenhouse accounts, May 2020, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2020b). Resources and energy quarterly report, September 2020, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2020c). National Greenhouse Gas Inventory quarterly update: December 2020, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021a). Australia’s nationally determined contribution communication, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021b). Australia’s emissions projections 2021, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021c). National inventory report 2019, volume 3, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021d). Energy.gov.au, DISER, Canberra, https://www.energy.gov.au.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021e). National inventory report 2019, volume 2, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021f). National forest and sparse woody vegetation data, version 5.0 (2020 release) (dataset), DISER, Canberra https://data.gov.au/data/dataset/national-forest-and-sparse-woody-vegetation-data-version-5-2020-release.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021g). National inventory report 2019, volume 1, DISER, Canberra.
DISER (Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources) (2021h). Activity data tables of the Australian Greenhouse Emissions Information System (AGEIS), DISER, Canberra, https://ageis.climatechange.gov.au/QueryAppendixTable.aspx.
DITRDC, AIATSIS & CAEPR (Australian Government Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications; Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies; Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University) (2020). National Indigenous languages report, DITRDC, Canberra.
Doblin M, Everett J & Davies C (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – water quality (turbidity, physicochemical properties), Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
DoE (Australian Government Department of the Environment) (2013). Policies and governance for waste, DoE, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/protection/waste/publications/national-waste-reports/2013/policies-and-governance.
DoE (Australian Government Department of the Environment) (2015a). Threat abatement plan for predation by feral cats, DoE, Canberra.
DoE (Australian Government Department of the Environment) (2015b). National Clean Air Agreement: initial work plan, DoE, Canberra.
DPI (NSW Department of Primary Industries) (2021). Impacts of urban and rural development, DPI, Sydney, https://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/fishing/habitat/threats/urban.
DPIE (NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment) (2020). Water quality technical report for Murray Lower Darling surface water resource plan area (SW8), DPIE, Sydney.
DPIE (NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment) (2021). Woody and non woody landcover change on rural regulated land: summary report 2019, DPIE, Sydney.
Duke NC, Kovacs JM, Griffiths AD, Preece L, Hill DJE, van Oosterzee P, Mackenzie J, Morning HS & Burrows D (2017). Large-scale dieback of mangroves in Australia’s Gulf of Carpentaria: a severe ecosystem response, coincidental with an unusually extreme weather event. Marine and Freshwater Research 68(10):1816–1829.
Duke NC, Mackenzie J, Kovacs J, Staben G, Coles R, Wood A & Castle Y (2020). Assessing the Gulf of Carpentaria mangrove dieback 2017–2019. Volume 1 – aerial surveys, report to the National Environmental Science Program, James Cook University, Townsville.
Dunstan P, Dambacher J, Thornborough K, Marshall N & Stuart-Smith R (2019). Technical report describing guidelines for analysis of cumulative impacts and risks to the Great Barrier Reef (part 1), report to the National Environmental Science Program, Marine Biodiversity Hub, Hobart.
DWER (WA Department of Water and Environmental Regulation) (2021). Gnangara groundwater system, DWER, Perth, https://www.water.wa.gov.au/water-topics/groundwater/gnangara-groundwater-system.
de Jong K, Forland TN, Amorim MCP, Rieucau G, Slabbekoorn H & Doksæter Silve L (2020). Predicting the effects of anthropogenic noise on fish reproduction. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 30:245–268.
de Soto N, Delorme N, Atkins J, Howard S, Williams J & Johnson M (2013). Anthropogenic noise causes body malformations and delays development in marine larvae. Scientific Reports 3:2831.
du Cros H (2019). National policy on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander places consultation paper, Whitlam Institute, Western Sydney University, Sydney.
EcoAssets (2021). Occurrence records for terrestrial alien species introduced to Australia for the period 1901–2020, aggregated by the Atlas of Living Australia from multiple sources, including Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network survey and monitoring data, as of September 2021, EcoAssets project, Atlas of Living Australia, Canberra.
EDF (Environmental Defense Fund) (2018). Carbon prices under carbon market scenarios consistent with the Paris Agreement: implications for the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), EDF, New York.
Edgar G, Stuart-Smith R, Willis T, Kininmonth S, Baker S, Banks S et al. (2014). Global conservation outcomes depend on marine protected areas with five key features. Nature 506:216–220.
Edgar G, Ward T & Stuart‐Smith R (2018). Rapid declines across Australian fishery stocks indicate global sustainability targets will not be achieved without an expanded network of ‘no-fishing’ reserves. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 28(6):1337–1350.
Eifes C, Livingstone S, Lane A, Lukosche V, Sanders K, Courtney A et al. (2013). Fascinating and forgotten: the conservation status of marine elapid snakes. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 8:37–52.
Ens E, Daniels C, Nelson E, Roy J & Dixon P (2016). Creating multi-functional landscapes: using exclusion fences to frame feral ungulate management preferences in remote Aboriginal-owned northern Australia. Biological Conservation 197:235–246.
Ens E, Fisher J & Costello O (eds) (2015). Global community booklet: Indigenous people and invasive species perceptions, management, challenges and uses, IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management, Ecosystems and Invasive Species Thematic Group, Sydney.
Ens E, Walsh F & Clarke P (2017). Aboriginal people and Australia’s vegetation: past and current interactions. In: Keith D (ed), Australian vegetation, 3rd edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 89–112.
Environment and Invasives Committee (2018). Australian list of threat categories of nonindigenous vertebrates, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra.
Environment and Invasives Committee (2019). National invasive ant biosecurity plan 2018–2028, Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Canberra.
ESCC Hub (Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub) (2021). National First Peoples Gathering on Climate Change 2021, ESCC Hub, Australian Government National Environmental Science Program, Australia, https://nespclimate.com.au/nfpgcc/.
Evans K & Harcourt R (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – whales, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Evans K & Hobday A (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: pressure – climate and system variability, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Evans K & Raudino H (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – dolphins and porpoises, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Evans K, Erbe C, Giltrap D, Lamont C, Peel D & Tropman K (2021c). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: pressure – anthropogenic noise, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Evans K, Lamont C & Peach K (2021a). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: pressure – minerals, oil and gas extraction and production, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Evans K, Lamont C & Peach K (2021b). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: management effectiveness – minerals, oil and gas extraction and production, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Evans R, Wilson S, Fisher R, Ryan N, Babcock R, Blakeway D, Bond T, Dorji P, Dufois F, Fearns P, Lowe R, Stoddart J & Thomson D (2020). Early recovery dynamics of turbid coral reefs after recurring bleaching events. Journal of Environmental Management 268:110666.
Fabricius K, Langdon C, Uthicke S, Humphrey C, Noonan S, De’ath G, Okazaki R, Muehllehner N, Glas M & Lough J (2011). Losers and winners in coral reefs acclimatized to elevated carbon dioxide concentrations. Nature Climate Change 1(3):165–169.
Fabricius K, Neill C, Van Ooijen E, Smith J & Tilbrook B (2020). Progressive seawater acidification on the Great Barrier Reef continental shelf. Scientific Reports 10(1):18602.
Fensham RJ, Carnegie AJ, Laffineur B, Makinson RO, Pegg GS & Wills J (2020). Imminent extinction of Australian Myrtaceae by fungal disease. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 35(7):554–557.
Filkov AI, Ngo T, Matthews S, Telfer S & Penman TD (2020). Impact of Australia’s catastrophic 2019/20 bushfire season on communities and environment: retrospective analysis and current trends. Journal of Safety Science and Resilience 1:44–56.
Finlayson C, Capon S, Rissik D, Pittock J, Fisk G, Davidson N, Bodmin K, Papas P, Robertson H, Schallenberg M, Saintilan N, Edyvane K & Bino G (2017). Policy considerations for managing wetlands under a changing climate. Marine and Freshwater Research 68(10):1803–1815.
Firn J, Martin TG, Walters B, Hayes J, Nicol S, Chades I & Carwardine J (2013). Priority threat management of invasive plants species in the Lake Eyre Basin, CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship working paper no. 17, CSIRO and Queensland University of Technology, Canberra.
Fisher R & Altman J (2020). The world’s best fire management system is in northern Australia, and it’s led by Indigenous land managers, The Conversation, Melbourne, https://theconversation.com/the-worlds-best-fire-management-system-is-in-northern-australia-and-its-led-by-indigenous-land-managers-133071.
Florin SA, Fairbairn AS, Nango M, Djandjomerr D, Marwick B, Fullagar R, Smith M, Wallis LA & Clarkson C (2020). The first Australian plant foods at Madjedbebe, 65,000–53,000 years ago. Nature Communications 11(1):1–8.
Foley M (2021). Investors place Australian bets on compulsory emissions reductions, Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/investors-place-australian-bets-on-compulsory-emissions-reductions-20210118-p56uy9.html.
Foran B, Smith MS, Burnside D, Andrew M, Blesing D, Forrest K & Taylor J (2019). Australian rangeland futures: time now for systemic responses to interconnected challenges. Rangeland Journal 41(3):271–292.
Forgati M, Kandalski P, Herrerias T, Zaleski T, Machado C, Souza M & Donatti L (2017). Effects of heat stress on the renal and branchial carbohydrate metabolism and antioxidant system of Antarctic fish. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 187(8):1137–1154.
FRDC (Fisheries Research and Development Corporation) (2018). Status of Australian fish stocks reports 2018, FRDC, Canberra.
Fulton E, Hobday A, Pethybridge H, Blanchard J, Bulman C, Butler I et al. (2018). Decadal scale projection of changes in Australian fisheries stocks under climate change, FRDC project no. 2016/139, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra.
Fulton E, van Putten E, Dutra L, Melbourne-Thomas J, Ogier E, Thomas L, Rayns N, Murphy R, Butler I, Ghebrezgabhier D & Hobday A (2020). Adaptation of Commonwealth fisheries management to climate change, FRDC project no. 2016-059, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra.
GA (Geoscience Australia) (2020). Digital Earth Australia: program roadmap, May 2020, GA, Canberra.
Gacutan J, Johnston E, Tait H, Smith W & Clark G (2021). Continental patterns in marine debris revealed by a decade of citizen science. Science of the Total Environment 807(2):150742.
Gagnon M (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: pressure – marine pollution, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Gallagher R (2020). Final list of plants requiring urgent management intervention, report prepared for the Wildlife and Threatened Species Bushfire Recovery Expert Panel, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, Canberra.
Garde LA, Spillman C, Heron S & Beeden R (2014). ReefTemp next generation: a new operational system for monitoring reef thermal stress. Journal of Operational Oceanography 7:21–33.
Garnett S & Baker G (2021). Action plan for Australian birds 2020, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
Garrard G, Bekessy S & van Wijnen S (2015). Sustainable mid-rise for healthy, connected communities. Planning News 41(10):6–7.
GBRMPA (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority) (2019). Great Barrier Reef outlook report 2019, GBRMPA, Townsville.
GBRMPA (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority) (2021a). Traditional use of marine resources agreements, GBRMPA, Townsville, https://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/our-partners/traditional-owners/traditional-use-of-marine-resources-agreements.
GBRMPA (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority) (2021b). Reef tools, GBRMPA, Townsville, https://reefiq.gbrmpa.gov.au/ReefKnowledgeSystem/Reef-tools.
Gellie NJC, Mills JG, Breed MF & Lowe AJ (2017). Revegetation rewilds the soil bacterial microbiome of an old field. Molecular Ecology 26(11):2895–2904.
Gergis J, Ashcroft L & Whetton P (2020). A historical perspective on Australian temperature extremes. Climate Dynamics 55:843–868.
Gervais C & Pecl G (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – species redistributions, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Gervais C, Champion C & Pecl G (2021). Species on the move around the Australian coastline: a continental‐scale review of climate‐driven species redistribution in marine systems. Global Change Biology 27(14):3200–3217.
Geyle HM, Hoskin CJ, Bower DS, Catullo R, Clulow S, Driessen M et al. (2021). Red hot frogs: identifying the Australian frogs most at risk of extinction. Pacific Conservation Biology 27:PC21019.
Geyle HM, Tingley R, Amey AP, Cogger H, Couper PJ, Cowan M et al. (2020). Reptiles on the brink: identifying the Australian terrestrial snake and lizard species most at risk of extinction. Pacific Conservation Biology 27:3–12.
Geyle HM, Woinarski JC, Baker GB, Dickman CR, Dutson G, Fisher DO, Ford H, Holdsworth M, Jones ME & Kutt A (2018). Quantifying extinction risk and forecasting the number of impending Australian bird and mammal extinctions. Pacific Conservation Biology 24(2):157–167.
Gibbons P, Macintosh A, Constable AL & Hayashi K (2018). Outcomes from 10 years of biodiversity offsetting. Global Change Biology 24(2):e643–e654.
Gill R (2011). Droughts and flooding rains: water provision for a growing Australia, policy monograph 115, Centre for Independent Studies, Sydney.
Gillanders B, McMillan M, Reis-Santos P, Baumgartner L, Brown L, Conallin J et al. (2021). Climate change and fishes in estuaries. In: Whitfield A, Able K, Blaber S & Elliott M (eds), Fish and fisheries in estuaries: a global perspective, John Wiley and Sons, Oxford.
Gillespie GR, Roberts JD, Hunter D, Hoskin CJ, Alford RA, Heard GW, Hines H, Lemckert F, Newell D & Scheele BC (2020). Status and priority conservation actions for Australian frog species. Biological Conservation 247:108543.
Gilmour J, Cook K, Ryan N, Puotinen M, Green R, Shedrawi G et al. (2019). The state of Western Australia’s coral reefs. Coral Reefs 38(4):651–667.
Glasby T & Gibson P (2020). Decadal dynamics of subtidal barrens habitat. Marine Environmental Research 154:104869.
Global Carbon Project (2019). Global carbon budget 2019, Integrated Carbon Observation System, Helsinki.
Godfree R, Firn J, Johnson S, Knerr N, Stol J & Doerr V (2017). Why non-native grasses pose a critical emerging threat to biodiversity conservation, habitat connectivity and agricultural production in multifunctional rural landscapes. Landscape Ecology 32(6):1219–1242.
Goetze J, Wilson S, Radford B, Fisher R, Langlois T, Monk J et al. (2021). Increased connectivity and depth improve the effectiveness of marine reserves. Global Change Biology 27(15):3432–3447.
Goldsworthy S (2015). Neophoca cinerea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Geneva.
González-Orozco C, Pollock L, Thornhill A, Mishler B, Knerr N, Laffan S et al. (2016). Phylogenetic approaches reveal biodiversity threats under climate change. Nature Climate Change 6(12):1110–1114.
Gordon TAC, Radford AN & Simpson SD (2019). Grieving environmental scientists need support. Science 366(6462):193.
Gorman J, Pearson D & Wurm P (2020). Old ways, new ways: scaling up from customary use of plant products to commercial harvest taking a multifunctional, landscape approach. Land 9(5):171.
Gould J, Smyth D, Rassip W, Rist P & Oxenham K (2021). Recognizing the contribution of Indigenous Protected Areas to marine protected area management in Australia. Maritime Studies 20:5–26.
Green D, Alexander L, McInnes K, Church J, Nicholls N & White N (2010). An assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation for the Torres Strait islands, Australia. Climatic Change 102:405–433.
Greenville AC, Burns E, Dickman CR, Keith DA, Lindenmayer DB, Morgan JW et al. (2018). Biodiversity responds to increasing climatic extremes in a biome-specific manner. Science of the Total Environment 634:382–393.
Griffin K, Hedge L, Warton D, Astles K & Johnston E (2021). Modeling recreational fishing intensity in a complex urbanised estuary. Journal of Environmental Management 279:111529.
Groves R, Boden R & Lonsdale W (2005). Jumping the garden fence: invasive garden plants in Australia and their environmental and agricultural impacts, CSIRO report for WWF-Australia, WWF-Australia, Sydney.
Guardian Australia (2021). Australia’s emissions from land clearing likely far higher than claimed, analysis indicates, The Guardian, Sydney, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/nov/08/australias-emissions-from-land-clearing-likely-far-higher-than-claimed-analysis-indicates.
Guzik MT, Austin AD, Cooper SJ, Harvey MS, Humphreys WF, Bradford T, Eberhard SM, King RA, Leys R & Muirhead KA (2011). Is the Australian subterranean fauna uniquely diverse? Invertebrate Systematics 24(5):407–418.
Hallegraeff G, Davies C, Eriksen R, Everett J, Rochester W & Richardson A (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – algal blooms, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Hallett CS, Valesini F & Elliott M (2016). A review of Australian approaches for monitoring, assessing and reporting estuarine condition: III. Evaluation against international best practice and recommendations for the future. Environmental Science and Policy 66:282–291.
Hanigan I, Broome R, Chaston T, Cope M, Dennekamp M, Heyworth J et al. (2021). Avoidable mortality attributable to anthropogenic fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(1):254.
Hardesty B, Schuyler Q, Lawson T, Opie K & Wilcox C (2016). Understanding debris sources and transport from the coastal margin to the ocean, final report to the Australian Packaging Covenant Organisation Ltd, CSIRO, Canberra.
Harrington N & Cook P (2014). Groundwater in Australia, National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, Australia.
Harrison H, Álvarez-Noriega M, Baird A, Heron S, MacDonald C & Hughes T (2019). Back-to-back coral bleaching events on isolated atolls in the Coral Sea. Coral Reefs 38(4):713–719.
Hartwig LD, Jackson S & Osborne N (2020). Trends in Aboriginal water ownership in New South Wales, Australia: the continuities between colonial and neoliberal forms of dispossession. Land Use Policy 99:104869.
Harvey N (2016). The combination-lock effect blocking integrated coastal zone management in Australia: the role of governance and politics. Ocean Yearbook Online 30(1):1–31.
HEAL Network & CRE-STRIDE (Healthy Environments and Lives Network & Centre for Research Excellence in Strengthening Systems for Indigenous Health Care Equity) (2021). Climate change and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health: discussion paper, Lowitja Institute & National Health Leadership Forum, Melbourne.
Heap A, Bryce S, Ryan D, Radke L, Smith C, Smith R, Townsend Harris P & Heggie D (2001). Australian estuaries and coastal waterways: a geoscience perspective for improved and integrated resource management, report to the National Land & Water Resources Audit theme 7: ecosystem health, Geoscience Australia, Canberra.
Heatwole H & Rowley J (eds) (2018). Status of conservation and decline of amphibians: Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific Islands, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
Hemer M (2021a). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: management effectiveness – marine renewable energy, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Hemer M (2021b). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: pressure – offshore renewable energy generation, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Hemming S, Rigney D, Muller SL, Rigney G & Campbell I (2017). A new direction for water management? Indigenous nation building as a strategy for river health. Ecology and Society 22(2):13–24.
Hemmings A (2017). Antarctic politics in a transforming global geopolitics. In: Dodds K, Hemmings A & Peder R (eds), Handbook on the politics of Antarctica, Elgar, Cheltenham, 507–522.
Henry G & Lyle J (2003). The National Recreational and Indigenous Fishing Survey, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Canberra.
HEPA (Heads of EPAs Australia and New Zealand) (2020). PFAS national environmental management plan version 2.0, HEPA, Canberra.
Hill R, Pert P, Davies J, Walsh F & Falco-Mammone F (2013). Indigenous land management in Australia: extent, scope, diversity, barriers and success factors, CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, Cairns.
HLPF (High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development) (2018). Voluntary national review 2018: key messages – Australia, United Nations, New York, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/australia.
HLPSOC (High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy) (2020). Transformations for a sustainable ocean economy: a vision for protection, production and prosperity, HLPSOC, Washington, DC.
Hobday A & Pecl G (2014). Identification of global marine hotspots: sentinels for change and vanguards for adaptation action. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 24(2):415–425.
Hobday A, Alexander L, Perkins S, Smale D, Straub S, Oliver E et al. (2016). A hierarchical approach to defining marine heatwaves. Progress in Oceanography 141:227–238.
Hobday A, Smith A, Stobutzki I, Bulman C, Daley R, Dambacher J et al. (2011). Ecological risk assessment for the effects of fishing. Fisheries Research 108(2–3):372–384.
Hodgkinson JA, Hobday A & Pinkard E (2014). Climate adaptation in Australia’s resource-extraction industries: ready or not? Regional Environmental Change 14(4):1663–1678.
Hoeppner JM & Hughes L (2019). Climate readiness of recovery plans for threatened Australian species. Conservation Biology 33(3):534–542.
Hoffmann AA, Rymer PD, Byrne M, Ruthrof KX, Whinam J, McGeoch M et al. (2019). Impacts of recent climate change on terrestrial flora and fauna: some emerging Australian examples. Austral Ecology 44(1):3–27.
Hoffmann B (2019). The rise of invasive ant eradications since the success of the Kakadu project – update of EMR feature, Ecological Management & Restoration: EMR project summaries, Brisbane, https://site.emrprojectsummaries.org/2019/10/03/the-rise-of-invasive-ant-eradications-since-the-success-of-the-kakadu-project-update-of-emr-feature/.
Hoffmann BD & Broadhurst LM (2016). The economic cost of managing invasive species in Australia. NeoBiota 31:1.
Hose GC & Stumpp C (2019). Architects of the underworld: bioturbation by groundwater invertebrates influences aquifer hydraulic properties. Aquatic Sciences 81(1):20.
Hose GC, Asmyhr MG, Cooper SJ & Humphreys WF (2015). Down under down under: austral groundwater life. In: Austral ark: the state of wildlife in Australia and New Zealand, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 512–536.
Hughes T, Kerry J, Baird A, Connolly S, Dietzel A, Eakin C et al. (2018). Global warming transforms coral reef assemblages. Nature 556(7702):492–496.
Hunter C & Fischer M (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: management effectiveness – traditional use of resources, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Huon Valley Council (2019). Slow down and save our devils, Huon Valley Council, Huonville, Tasmania, https://www.huonvalley.tas.gov.au/slow-down-and-save-our-devils/.
Hyde J, Cooper SJ, Humphreys WF, Austin AD & Munguia P (2018). Diversity patterns of subterranean invertebrate fauna in calcretes of the Yilgarn region, Western Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 69(1):114–121.
Hyder K, Weltersbach M, Armstrong M, Ferter K, Townhill B, Ahvonen A et al. (2018). Recreational sea fishing in Europe in a global context: participation rates, fishing effort, expenditure, and implications for monitoring and assessment. Fish and Fisheries 19(2):225–243.
IEEASC (Interjurisdictional Environmental–Economic Accounting Steering Committee) (2018). Environmental economic accounting: a common national approach strategy and action plan, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra.
IGEM (Inspector-General Emergency Management) (2019). 2019 Queensland monsoon trough rainfall and flood review, IGEM, Brisbane.
Infrastructure and Transport Ministers (2020). National freight and supply chain strategy annual report 2019–20, Australian Government Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications, Canberra.
Infrastructure Australia (2019). An assessment of Australia’s future infrastructure needs: the Australian Infrastructure Audit 2019, Infrastructure Australia, Canberra.
Inspector-General of Biosecurity (2019a). Environmental biosecurity risk management in Australia, Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Canberra.
Inspector-General of Biosecurity (2019b). Pest and disease interceptions and incursions in Australia: review report no. 2018–19/05, Australian Government Inspector-General of Biosecurity, Canberra.
Invasive Plants and Animals Committee (2017a). Australian weeds strategy 2017 to 2027, Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Canberra.
Invasive Plants and Animals Committee (2017b). Australian pest animal strategy 2017 to 2027, Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Canberra.
IPBES (Intergovernmental Science–Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) (2019). Global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services, Brondizio ES, Settele J, Diaz S & Ngo H (eds), IPBES Secretariat, Bonn.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2014). Fifth assessment report, IPCC, New York.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2021). Sixth assessment report, IPCC, New York.
Jackson S, Woods R & Hooper F (2021). Murray–Darling Basin, Australia: its future management. In: Hart BT, Bond NR, Byron N, Pollino C & Stewardson M (eds), Empowering Indigenous communities in the governance and management of the Murray–Darling Basin, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 313–335.
Jacobsen R, Howell C & Read SM (2020). Australia’s Indigenous land and forest estate: separate reporting of Indigenous ownership, management and other special rights, ABARES technical report, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Canberra.
James CS, Reside AE, VanDerWal J, Pearson RG, Burrows D, Capon SJ, Harwood TD, Hodgson L & Waltham NJ (2017). Sink or swim? Potential for high faunal turnover in Australian rivers under climate change. Journal of Biogeography 44(3):489–501.
Jansse S (2017). Ten year eradication plan: National Red Imported Fire Ant Eradication Program south east Queensland, 2017–18 to 2026–27, Biosecurity Queensland, Brisbane.
Jarvis D, Hill R, Buissereth R, Moran C, Taibot L, Bullio R et al. (2019). Strong peoples – strong country Indigenous heritage monitoring framework: summary report, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville.
Joehnk K, Biswas T, Karim F, Kumar A, Guerschman J, Wilkinson S, Rees G, McInerney P, Zampatti B, Sullivan A & Nyman P (2020). Water quality responses for post 2019–20 bushfires floods in south eastern Australia: a catchment scale analysis, technical report, CSIRO, Canberra.
Johnston F, Borchers-Arriagada N, Morgan G, Jalaludin B, Palmer A, Williamson G & Bowman D (2020). Unprecedented health costs of smoke-related PM2.5 from the 2019–20 Australian megafires. Nature Sustainability 4:42–47.
Jones R, Thurber KA, Wright A, Chapman J, Donohoe P, Davis V & Lovett R (2018). Associations between participation in a ranger program and health and wellbeing outcomes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in central Australia: a proof of concept study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(7):1478.
JSCNA (Joint Standing Committee on Northern Australia) (2021). A way forward: final report into the destruction of Indigenous heritage sites at Juukan Gorge, Parliament of Australia, Canberra.
Kämpf J (2010). On preconditioning of coastal upwelling in the eastern Great Australian Bight. Journal of Geophysical Research 115(C12):C12071.
Kawaguchi S, Ishida A, King R, Raymond B, Waller N, Constable A, Nicol S, Wakita M & Ishimatsu A (2013). Risk maps for Antarctic krill under projected Southern Ocean acidification. Nature Climate Change 3(9):843–847.
Kearney SG, Adams VM, Fuller RA, Possingham HP & Watson JEM (2018a). Estimating the benefit of well-managed protected areas for threatened species conservation. Oryx 54(2):276–284.
Kearney SG, Carwardine J, Reside AE, Fisher DO, Maron M, Doherty TS, Legge S, Silcock J, Woinarski JCZ, Garnett ST, Wintle BA & Watson JEM (2018). The threats to Australia’s imperilled species and implications for a national conservation response. Pacific Conservation Biology 25(3):231–244.
Kearney SG, Watson JE, Reside AE, Fisher DO, Maron M, Doherty TS, Legge SM, Woinarski JC, Garnett ST & Wintle BA (2020). A novel threat-abatement framework confirms an urgent need to limit habitat loss and improve management of invasive species and inappropriate fire regimes for Australia’s threatened species. Preprints 2020:2020100372.
Kelaher BP, Clark GF, Johnston E & Coleman M (2019). Effect of desalination discharge on the abundance and diversity of reef fishes. Environmental Science & Technology 54(2):735–744.
Kennedy A (1993). Water as a limiting factor in the Antarctic terrestrial environment: a biogeographical synthesis. Arctic and Alpine Research 25(4):308–315.
Kenyon R, Babcock R, Dell Q, Lawrence E, Moeseneder C & Tonks M (2018). Business as usual for the human use of Moreton Bay following marine park zoning. Marine and Freshwater Research 69(2):277.
Knight Frank (2020). The City Wellbeing Index: how happy are the world’s leading cities?, Knight Frank, London, https://www.knightfrank.com/wealthreport/article/2020-03-03-the-city-wellbeing-index-how-happy-are-the-worlds-leading-cities.
Koehn J, Raymond S, Stuart I, Todd C, Balcombe S, Zampatti B et al. (2020a). A compendium of ecological knowledge for restoration of freshwater fishes in Australia’s Murray–Darling Basin. Marine and Freshwater Research 71(1):1391–1463.
Koehn JD, Balcombe SR, Baumgartner LJ, Bice CM, Burndred K, Ellis I, Koster WM, Lintermans M, Pearce L, Sharpe C, Stuart I & Todd CR (2020b). What is needed to restore native fishes in Australia’s Murray–Darling Basin? Marine and Freshwater Research 71(11):1464–1468.
Kofron CP & Chapman A (2006). Causes of mortality to the endangered Southern Cassowary Casuarius casuarius johnsonii in Queensland, Australia. Pacific Conservation Biology 12(3):175–179.
KPMG (2021). Building resilience in local communities: the wellbeing benefits of participating in Landcare, KPMG, Sydney.
Kramarova N, Newman P, Nash E, Strahan S, Long C, Johnson B, Pitts M, Santee M, Petropavlovskikh I, Coy L & de Laat J (2020). 2019 Antarctic ozone hole: state of the climate in 2019. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101(8):S310–S312.
Kroon FJ, Berry K, Brinkman D, Kookana R, Leusch F, Melvin S, Neale P, Negri A, Puotinen M, Tsang J, vean der Merwe J & Williams M (2020). Sources, presence and potential effects of contaminants of emerging concern in the marine environments of the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait, Australia. Science of the Total Environment 719:135140.
Kukutai T & Taylor J (2016). Data sovereignty for Indigenous peoples: current practice and future needs. In: Kukutai T & Taylor J (eds), Indigenous data sovereignty: toward an agenda, research monograph no. 38, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, Canberra.
Land Restoration Fund (2020). Land Restoration Fund co-benefits standard version 1.2, Queensland Government, Brisbane.
Larson S, Stoeckl N, Jarvis D, Addison J, Grainger D & Watkin Lui F (2020). Indigenous land and sea management programs (ILSMPs) enhance the wellbeing of Indigenous Australians. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(1):125.
Latch P (2018). Reporting on success in threatened species conservation: the national policy context. In: Garnett S, Latch P, Lindenmayer D & Woinarksi J (eds), Recovering Australian threatened species: a book of hope, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 305–314.
Latimer G (2019). Hazardous waste in Australia 2019, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy & Blue Environment, Canberra.
Lavery T, Lindenmayer D, Blanchard W, Carey A, Cook E, Copley P et al. (2021). Counting plants: the extent and adequacy of monitoring for a continental-scale list of threatened plant species. Biological Conservation 260:109193.
Lazenby BT, Tobler MW, Brown WE, Hawkins CE, Hocking GJ, Hume F et al. (2020). Density trends and demographic signals uncover the long-term impact of transmissible cancer in Tasmanian devils. Journal of Applied Ecology 55(3):1368–1379.
Legge S, Murphy BP, McGregor H, Woinarski JCZ, Augusteyn J, Ballard G et al. (2017). Enumerating a continental-scale threat: how many feral cats are in Australia? Biological Conservation 206:293–303.
Legge S, Robinson N, Lindenmayer D, Scheele B, Southwell D & Wintle B (2018). Monitoring threatened species and ecological communities, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
Legge S, Woinarski JCZ, Dickman CR, Doherty TS, McGregor H & Murphy BP (2020). Cat ecology, impacts and management in Australia. Wildlife Research 47(8):i–vi.
Levin P, Fogarty M, Murawski S & Fluharty D (2009). Integrated ecosystem assessments: developing the scientific basis for ecosystem-based management of the ocean. PLoS Biology 7:e1000014.
Liao Z, Van Dijk AIJM, He B, Larraondo PR & Scarth PF (2020). Woody vegetation cover, height and biomass at 25-m resolution across Australia derived from multiple site, airborne and satellite observations. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 93:102209.
Liddicoat C, Bi P, Waycott M, Glover J, Lowe AJ & Weinstein P (2018). Landscape biodiversity correlates with respiratory health in Australia. Journal of Environmental Management 206:113–122.
Ling S & Keane J (2018). Centrostephanus population re-survey, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Hobart, https://www.imas.utas.edu.au/research/fisheries-and-aquaculture/projects/projects/centrostephanus-population-re-survey.
Little L & Hill N (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: management effectiveness – commercial fishing, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Little L, Day J, Haddon M, Klaer N, Punt A, Smith A, Smith D & Tuck G (2019). Comments on the evidence for the recent claim on the state of Australian fish stocks. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 29(2):329–330.
Llewellyn RS, Ronning D, Ouzman J, Walker S, Mayfield A & Clarke M (2016). Impact of weeds on Australian grain production: the cost of weeds to Australian grain growers and the adoption of weed management and tillage practices, Grains Research and Development Corporation & CSIRO, Canberra.
Lloyd TJ, Fuller R, Oliver J, Tulloch A, Barnes M & Steven R (2020). Estimating the spatial coverage of citizen science for monitoring threatened species. Global Ecology and Conservation 23:e01048.
Lynch T, Ryan K, Lyle J, Ochwada-Doyle F, Moore A & Tracey S (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: pressure – recreational fishing, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Maclean K, Robinson C & Costello O (2018). A national framework to report on the benefits of Indigenous cultural fire management, CSIRO, Australia.
Macreadie P, Ollivier Q, Kelleway J, Serrano O, Carnell P, Ewers Lewis C, Atwood T, Sanderman J, Baldock J, Connolly R, Duarte C, Lavery P, Steven A & Lovelock C (2017). Carbon sequestration by Australian tidal marshes. Scientific Reports 7:44071.
Marchal P, Andersen J, Aranda M, Fitzpatrick M, Goti L, Guyader O et al. (2016). A comparative review of fisheries management experiences in the European Union and in other countries worldwide: Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand. Fish and Fisheries 17(3):803–824.
Marchionni V, Daly E, Manoli G, Tapper N, Walker J & Fatichi S (2020). Groundwater buffers drought effects and climate variability in urban reserves. Water Resources Research 56(5):e2019WR026192.
Maseyk F, Maron M, Gordon A, Bull J & Evans M (2021). Improving averted loss estimates for better biodiversity outcomes from offset exchanges. Oryx 55(3):393–403.
Matear R, Chamberlain M & Lenton A (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: pressure – climate change – biogeochemistry, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
May J, Hobbs RJ & Valentine LE (2017). Are offsets effective? An evaluation of recent environmental offsets in Western Australia. Biological Conservation 206:249–257.
MCA (Minerals Council of Australia) (2021). First Nations partnerships, MCA, Canberra, https://www.minerals.org.au/first-nations-partnerships.
McColl KA & Sunarto A (2020). Biocontrol of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Australia: a review and future directions. Fishes 5(2):17.
McGeoch MA, McGrannachan C, O’Connor R, Clarke D, Palmer D, Roy H, Kumschick S, Liebold A, Pagad S, Cox A, Booth C & Low T (2020). Invasive insects: risks and pathways project – preliminary results and biosecurity implications, Monash University & Invasive Species Council, Melbourne.
McInnes J, Bird J, Deagle B, Alderman R & Shaw J (2019). Detecting cryptic burrowing petrels recovery post eradication in a remote landscape, NESP Threatened Species Recovery Hub project 4234 report, National Environmental Science Programme Threatened Species Recovery Hub, Brisbane.
McKemey M, Costello O, Ridges M, Ens EJ, Hunter JT & Reid NC (2020). A review of contemporary Indigenous cultural fire management literature in southeast Australia. EcoEvoRxiv Preprints July:doi:10.32942/osf.io/fvswy.
McLellan R, Watson D & Dixon K (2021a). Prolific or precarious: a review of the status of Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum (R.Br.) A.DC., Santalaceae). Rangeland Journal 2021:RJ21017.
McLellan R, Watson D & Dixon K (2021b). Loved to death: Australian sandalwood is facing extinction in the wild, The Conversation, Melbourne, https://theconversation.com/loved-to-death-australian-sandalwood-is-facing-extinction-in-the-wild-167281.
McLeod R (2018). Annual costs of weeds in Australia, eSYS Development & Centre for Invasive Species Solutions, Canberra.
McMahon TA, Peel MC, Vogel RM & Pegram GGS (2007a). Global streamflows: Part 3 – Country and climate zone characteristics. Journal of Hydrology 347:272–291.
McMahon TA, Vogel RM, Peel MC & Pegram GGS (2007b). Global streamflows: Part 1 – Characteristics of annual streamflows. Journal of Hydrology 347:243–259.
McMahon TA, Vogel RM, Pegram GGS, Peel MC & Etkin D (2007c). Global streamflows: Part 2 – Reservoir storage-yield performance. Journal of Hydrology 347:260–271.
MDBA (Murray–Darling Basin Authority) (2012). A plan for the Murray–Darling Basin, MDBA, Canberra, https://www.mdba.gov.au/basin-plan/plan-murray-darling-basin.
MDBA (Murray–Darling Basin Authority) (2019). Basin-wide environmental watering strategy, MDBA, Canberra, https://www.mdba.gov.au/publications/mdba-reports/basin-wide-environmental-watering-strategy.
MDBA (Murray–Darling Basin Authority) (2020). 2020 Basin Plan evaluation: reports and data, MDBA, Canberra, https://www.mdba.gov.au/publications/mdba-reports/2020-basin-plan-evaluation-reports-data.
Melbourne Water (2021). Desalination, Melbourne Water, Melbourne, https://www.melbournewater.com.au/water-data-and-education/water-facts-and-history/why-melbournes-water-tastes-great/water-0.
MLDRIN (Murray Lower Darling Rivers Indigenous Nations) (2007). Echuca declaration 2007, MLDRIN, Melbourne.
Mobsby D, Steven A & Curtotti R (2020). Australian fisheries and aquaculture outlook 2020, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Canberra.
Moggridge B & Thompson R (2021). Cultural value of water and western water management: an Australian Indigenous perspective. Australasian Journal of Water Resources 25(1):4–14.
Moggridge BJ, Betterridge L & Thompson R (2019). Integrating Aboriginal cultural values into water planning: a case study from NSW, Australia. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 26(3):273–286.
Mokany K, Harwood TD, Halse SA & Ferrier S (2019). Riddles in the dark: assessing diversity patterns for cryptic subterranean fauna of the Pilbara. Diversity and Distributions 25(2):240–254.
Montgomery JC, Jeffs A, Simpson SD, Meekan M & Tindle C (2006). Sound as an orientation cue for the pelagic larvae of reef fishes and decapod crustaceans. Advances in Marine Biology 51:143–196.
Murphy HT & Metcalfe DJ (2016). The perfect storm: weed invasion and intense storms in tropical forests. Austral Ecology 41:864–874.
NCFRP (National Cultural Flows Research Project) (2021). National cultural flows research project, Murray Lower Darling Rivers Indigenous Nations, Melbourne, https://culturalflows.com.au.
Newman P (2020). COVID, cities and climate: historical precedents and potential transitions for the new economy. Urban Science 4(3):32.
NFDAP (National Feral Deer Action Plan) (2021). National feral deer action plan, NFDAP, Canberra, https://feraldeerplan.org.au.
NIAA (National Indigenous Australians Agency) (2021). Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs), NIAA, Canberra, https://www.niaa.gov.au/indigenous-affairs/environment/indigenous-protected-areas-ipas.
Nichol S, Huang Z, Post A & Williams A (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – canyons, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
NLC (Northern Land Council) (2021). Mining exploration and production, NLC, Darwin, www.nlc.org.au/building-the-bush/mining-and-minerals.
Noad M, Kniest E & Dunlop R (2019). Boom to bust? Implications for the continued rapid growth of the eastern Australian humpback whale population despite recovery. Population Ecology 61(2):198–209.
NOPSEMA (National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority) (2020). Acoustic impact evaluation and management information paper, NOPSEMA, Perth.
Nowak B & Hood Y (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – viral diseases, parasitic infestations, mass die-offs, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Nyamba Buru Yawuru (2021). A MERI plan for the Yawuru Indigenous Protected Area, Nyamba Buru Yawuru, Broome.
OAGWA (Office of the Auditor General Western Australia) (2018). Western Australian Auditor General’s report: management of salinity, OAGWA, Perth.
Ocean Panel (2021). High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, https://oceanpanel.org.
Ochwada-Doyle F, Mcleod J, Barrett G, Clarke G & Gray C (2014). Spatial patterns of recreational exploitation in eastern Australian ROFAs: implications for zonal management. Fisheries Management and Ecology 21(5):383–397.
OEH (NSW Government Office of Environment and Heritage) (2019). Review of air quality monitoring network design, no. OEH 2019/0161, OEH, Sydney.
OEM (Office of Emergency Management) (2018). Bega Valley fires independent review, NSW Department of Justice, Sydney.
Olivelli A, Hardesty B & Wilcox C (2020). Coastal margins and backshores represent a major sink for marine debris: insights from a continental-scale analysis. Environmental Research Letters 15(7):074037.
Oliver E, Benthuysen J, Bindoff N, Hobday A, Holbrook N, Mundy C & Perkins-Kirkpatrick S (2017). The unprecedented 2015/16 Tasman Sea marine heatwave. Nature Communications 8(1):16101.
Ong SP, O’Dowd DJ & Green PT (2019). Production and export of the parasitoid Tachardiaephagus somervilli (Chalcidoidea: Encyrtidae), a biological control agent for the yellow lac scale, Tachardina aurantiaca (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Kerriidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 22(2):543–548.
Osipova E, Emslie-Smith M, Osti M, Murai M, Åberg U & Shadie P (2020). IUCN World Heritage outlook 3: a conservation assessment of all natural World Heritage sites, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
O’Donnell E, Godden L & O’Bryan K (2021). Cultural water for cultural economies, final report of the ‘Accessing water to meet Aboriginal economic development needs’ project, University of Melbourne, Melbourne.
O’Neill C, Green D & Lui W (2012). How to make climate change research relevant for Indigenous communities in Torres Strait, Australia. Local Environment 17(10):1104–1120.
Pagad S, Genovesi P, Carnevali L, Schigel D & McGeoch MA (2018). Introducing the Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species. Scientific Data 5:170202.
Paltridge R & Skroblin A (2018). Threatened species monitoring on Aboriginal land: finding the common ground between Kuka, Jukurrpa, ranger work and science. In: Legge S, Lindenmayer D, Robinson N, Scheele B, Southwell D & Wintle B (eds), Monitoring threatened species and ecological communities, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 321–332.
Parks Australia (2015). Christmas Island Yellow Crazy Ant Control Program, Parks Australia, Canberra.
Parks Australia (2021a). Ghost nets initiative, Parks Australia, Canberra, https://parksaustralia.gov.au/ghost-nets-initiative/.
Parks Australia (2021b). Marine science program, Parks Australia, Canberra, https://parksaustralia.gov.au/marine/management/programs/marine-science/.
Parks Australia (2021c). Management of yellow crazy ants on Christmas Island: operational plan 2021–2029, Parks Australia, Canberra.
Parris K, Barrett B, Stanley H & Hurley J (2020). Cities for people and nature, Clean Air and Urban Landscapes Hub, Melbourne.
Pascual U, Balvanera P, Díaz S, Pataki G, Roth E, Stenseke M et al. (2017). Valuing nature’s contributions to people: the IPBES approach. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 26–27:7–16.
Patel D, Jian L, Xiao J, Jansz J, Yun G & Robertson A (2019). Joint effect of heatwaves and air quality on emergency department attendances for vulnerable population in Perth, Western Australia, 2006 to 2015. Environmental Research 174:80–87.
Payne M (2021). Australia–India Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative Partnership, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Canberra, https://www.foreignminister.gov.au/minister/marise-payne/media-release/australia-india-indo-pacific-oceans-initiative-partnership.
Pemberton D, Brothers N & Kirkwood R (1992). Entanglement of Australian fur seals in man-made debris in Tasmanian waters. Wildlife Research 19(2):151–159.
Pepler A & Dowdy A (2021). Fewer deep cyclones projected for the midlatitudes in a warming climate, but with more intense rainfall. Environmental Research Letters 16:054044.
Pethybridge H, Fulton E, Hobday A, Blanchard J, Bulman C, Butler I et al. (2020). Contrasting futures for Australia’s fisheries stocks under IPCC RCP8.5 emissions: a multi-ecosystem model approach. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:577964.
PIA (Planning Institute Australia) (2018). Through the lens: the tipping point, PIA, Canberra.
Pirotta V, Reynolds W, Ross G, Jonsen I, Grech A, Slip D & Harcourt R (2020). A citizen science approach to long‐term monitoring of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off Sydney, Australia. Marine Mammal Science 36(2):472–485.
Pitcher C (2016). Case study: footprint of trawling. In: Australia state of the environment 2016, Australian Government Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra.
Pitcher C, Rochester W, Dunning M, Courtney T, Broadhurst M, Noell C, Tanner J, Kangas M, Newman S, Semmens J, Rigby C, Saunders T, Martin J & Lussier W (2018). Putting potential environmental risk of Australia’s trawl fisheries in landscape perspective: exposure of seabed assemblages to trawling, and inclusion in closures and reserves, FRDC project no. 2016–03, CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Brisbane.
Pitcher R, Dunstan P & Little R (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: pressure – commercial fishing, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
PM&C (Australian Government Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet) (2020). Closing the gap report 2020, PM&C, Canberra.
Polmear R, Stark J, Roberts D & McMinn A (2015). The effects of oil pollution on Antarctic benthic diatom communities over 5 years. Marine Pollution Bulletin 90:33–40.
Ponce Reyes R, Firn J, Nicol S, Chades I, Stratford D, Martin T, Whitten S & Carwardine J (2016). Priority threat management for imperilled species of the Queensland Brigalow Belt, CSIRO, Brisbane.
Popper AN & Hawkins AD (2019). An overview of fish bioacoustics and the impacts of anthropogenic sounds on fishes. Journal of Fish Biology 94(5):692–713.
Porter JL, Kingsford RT & Brandis T (2019). Aerial survey of wetland birds in eastern Australia: October 2019 annual summary report, Australian Government Department of Planning, Industry and Environment, & Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, UNSW Sydney, Canberra.
Porter L, Hurst J & Grandinetti T (2020). The politics of greening unceded lands in the settler city. Australian Geographer 51(2):221–238.
Prime Minister of Australia (2021). Australia announces $100 million initiative to protect our oceans, Prime Minister of Australia, Canberra, https://www.pm.gov.au/media/australia-announces-100-million-initiative-protect-our-oceans.
Prober S, Yuen E, O’Connor M & Schultz L (2013). Ngadju Kala: Ngadju fire knowledge and contemporary fire management in the Great Western Woodlands, CSIRO, Perth.
Productivity Commission (2016). Marine fisheries and aquaculture final report, Productivity Commission, Canberra.
Productivity Commission (2020a). Integrated urban water management: why a good idea seems hard to implement, Productivity Commission, Canberra.
Productivity Commission (2020b). Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2020, Productivity Commission, Canberra.
Productivity Commission (2021a). National Water Reform 2020, inquiry report no. 96, Productivity Commission, Canberra.
Productivity Commission (2021b). Environmental management: supporting paper C, National Water Reform 2020 inquiry report no. 96, Productivity Commission, Canberra.
Queensland Government (2020). Queensland Land Use Mapping Program (QLUMP), Queensland Government, Brisbane, https://www.qld.gov.au/environment/land/management/mapping/statewide-monitoring/qlump.
Queensland Government (2021). Queensland state of the environment 2020: summary, Queensland Government, Brisbane.
Rainbird J (2016). Adapting to sea-level rise in the Torres Strait, case study for CoastAdapt, National Climate Change Adaptation and Research Facility, Gold Coast.
Ramm TD, White C, Chan A & Watson C (2017). A review of methodologies applied in Australian practice to evaluate long-term coastal adaptation options. Climate Risk Management 17:35–51.
Raudino H, Douglas C, D’Cruz E & Waples K (2019). Snubfin dolphin census in Yawuru Nagulagan/Roebuck Bay, WA Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Perth.
Readfern G (2020). Tragedy in Tasmania: what are pilot whales, and why do they strand themselves?, Guardian Australia, Sydney, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/sep/25/tragedy-in-tasmania-what-are-pilot-whales-and-why-do-they-strand-themselves.
Rendón OR, Garbutt A, Skov M, Möller I, Alexander M, Ballinger R et al. (2019). A framework linking ecosystem services and human well‐being: saltmarsh as a case study. People and Nature 1(4):486–496.
Renwick AR, Robinson CJ, Garnett ST, Leiper I, Possingham HP & Carwardine J (2017). Mapping Indigenous land management for threatened species conservation: an Australian case study. PLoS ONE 12(3):e0173876.
Richardson AJ, Eriksen R, Moltmann T, Hodgson-Johnston I & Wallis JR (2020). State and trends of Australia’s oceans report, Integrated Marine Observing System, Hobart.
Richardson AJ, Everett JD & Davies CH (2021a). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – water column, off-shelf (oceanic) epipelagic (0–200 m), Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Richardson AJ, Everett JD, Davies CH & Rochester W (2021b). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – secondary production (zooplankton), Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Richardson AJ, Everett JD, Davies CH, Matis PA & Suthers IM (2021c). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – water column, on shelf (neritic; 0–200 m), Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Richardson LE, Graham NAJ, Pratchett MS, Eurich JG & Hoey AS (2018). Mass coral bleaching causes biotic homogenization of reef fish assemblages. Global Change Biology 24(7):3117–3129.
Roberts K, Cook C, Beher J & Treml E (2021). Assessing the current state of ecological connectivity in a large marine protected area system. Conservation Biology 35(2):699–710.
Roberts SD, Van Ruth P, Wilkinson C, Bastianello S & Bensemer M (2019). Marine heatwave, harmful algae blooms and an extensive fish kill event during 2013 in South Australia. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:610.
Robinson S, Klekociuk A, King D, Pizarro Rojas M, Zúñiga G & Bergstrom D (2020). The 2019/2020 summer of Antarctic heatwaves. Global Change Biology 26(6):3178–3180.
Roche C & Judd S (2016). Ground truths: taking responsibility for Australia’s mining legacies, Mineral Policy Institute, Australia.
Rogers K, Knoll E, Copeland C & Walsh S (2016). Quantifying changes to historic fish habitat extent on north coast NSW floodplains, Australia. Regional Environmental Change 16(5):1469–1479.
Runting R, Phinn S, Xie Z, Venter O & Watson J (2020). Opportunities for big data in conservation and sustainability. Nature Communications 11(1):2003.
Russell S, Ens E & Ngukurr Yangbala Rangers (2021). ‘Now it’s not a billabong’: eco-cultural assessment of billabong condition in remote northern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 72(7):925–941.
Russell-Smith J, Cook GD, Cooke PM, Edwards AC, Lendrum M, Meyer CPM & Whitehead PJ (2013). Managing fire regimes in north Australian savannas: applying Aboriginal approaches to contemporary global problems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11:e55–e63.
Ryan A, Colloff M & Pittock J (2021). Flow to nowhere: the disconnect between environmental watering and the conservation of threatened species in the Murray–Darling Basin, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 72(10):1408–1429.
Ryan KL, Trinnie FI, Jones R, Hart AM & Wise BS (2016). Recreational fisheries data requirements for monitoring catch shares. Fisheries Management and Ecology 23:218–233.
Samuel G (2020). Independent review of the EPBC Act: final report, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, Canberra.
Sanderman J, Hengl T & Fiske G (2017). Soil carbon debt of 12,000 years of human land use. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114(36):9575–9580.
Sands D (2018). Important issues facing insect conservation in Australia: now and into the future. Austral Entomology 57(2):150–172.
Santoso A, Mcphaden M & Cai W (2017). The defining characteristics of ENSO extremes and the strong 2015/2016 El Niño. Reviews of Geophysics 55(4):1079–1129.
SBS News (2021). Why these Torres Strait Islanders are filing a class action against the Australian Government, SBS, Sydney, https://www.sbs.com.au/news/why-these-torres-strait-islanders-are-filing-a-class-action-against-the-australian-government/4d420d1a-2752-4f7c-bb2f-bbb898aae764.
Scanes E, Scanes P & Ross P (2020). Climate change rapidly warms and acidifies Australian estuaries. Nature Communications 11(1):1–11.
Schebella MF, Weber D, Schultz L & Weinstein P (2019). The wellbeing benefits associated with perceived and measured biodiversity in Australian urban green spaces. Sustainability 11(3):802.
Schnierer S, Egan H, Calogeras C & Lui S (2016). Improving access for Indigenous Australians to, and involvement in, the use and management of Australia’s fisheries resources, FRDC project no. 2014/233, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra.
Schultz R, Abbott T, Yamaguchi J & Cairney S (2019). Australian Indigenous land management, ecological knowledge and languages for conservation. EcoHealth 16(1):171–176.
Schuyler Q, Hardesty B, Lawson T, Opie K & Wilcox C (2018). Economic incentives reduce plastic inputs to the ocean. Marine Policy 96:250–255.
Seebens H, Bacher S, Blackburn TM, Capinha C, Dawson W, Dullinger S et al. (2021). Projecting the continental accumulation of alien species through to 2050. Global Change Biology 27(5):970–982.
Seed (2021). Indigenous youth declaration for climate justice, Seed, Melbourne, https://www.seedmob.org.au/indigenous_youth_declaration.
Seekamp E & Jo E (2020). Resilience and transformation of heritage sites to accommodate for loss and learning in a changing climate. Climatic Change 162:41–55.
Serrano O, Lovelock C, Atwood T, Macreadie P, Canto R, Phinn S et al. (2019). Australian vegetated coastal ecosystems as global hotspots for climate change mitigation. Nature Communications 10(1):1–10.
Setterfield S, Rossiter-Rachor N & Adams V (2018). Navigating the fiery debate: the role of scientific evidence in eliciting policy and management responses for contentious plants in northern Australia. Pacific Conservation Biology 24(3):318–328.
Shanahan DF, Bush R, Gaston KJ, Lin BB, Dean J, Barber E & Fuller RA (2016). Health benefits from nature experiences depend on dose. Scientific Reports 6(1):28551.
Silcock J, Field A, Walsh N & Fensham R (2020). To name those lost: assessing extinction likelihood in the Australian vascular flora. Oryx 54(2):167–177.
Silcock JL, Simmons CL, Monks L, Dillon R, Reiter N, Jusaitis M, Vesk PA, Byrne M & Coates DJ (2019). Threatened plant translocation in Australia: a review. Biological Conservation 236:211–222.
Silva L, Doyle K, Duffy D, Humphries P, Horta A & Baumgartner L (2020). Mortality events resulting from Australia’s catastrophic fires threaten aquatic biota. Global Change Biology 26:5345–5350.
Smale D, Wernberg T, Oliver E, Thomsen M, Harvey B, Straub S et al. (2019). Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services. Nature Climate Change 9(4):306–312.
Smith D, Fulton E, Bax N, Boxshall A, Dunstan P, Hayes K, Jordan A & Ward T (2021a). Implementing integrated ecosystem assessments in Australia, report from the Integrated Ecosystem Assessments Working Group prepared for Australia’s National Marine Science Committee, National Marine Science Committee, Canberra.
Smith G & Spillman C (2019). New high-resolution sea surface temperature forecasts for coral reef management on the Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 38:1039–1056.
Smith J, Mongin M, Thompson A, Jonker M, De’ath G & Fabricius K (2020). Shifts in coralline algae, macroalgae, and coral juveniles in the Great Barrier Reef associated with present‐day ocean acidification. Global Change Biology 26(4):2149–2160.
Smith K, Burrows M, Hobday A, Sen Gupta A, Moore P, Thomsen M, Wernberg T & Smale D (2021b). Socioeconomic impacts of marine heatwaves: global issues and opportunities. Science 374(6566):eabj3593.
Snipp M (2016). What does data sovereignty imply: what does it look like? In: Kukutai T & Taylor J (eds), Indigenous data sovereignty: toward an agenda, research monograph no. 38, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, Canberra.
Soanes K & Lentini PE (2019). When cities are the last chance for saving species. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 17(4):225–231.
Social Ventures Australia (2016). Consolidated report on Indigenous Protected Areas following social return on investment analyses, Australian Government Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Canberra.
Soil Science Australia (2019). SOS value and services of Australia’s soils: 2019 World Soil Day campaign, Soil Science Australia, Melbourne, https://www.soilscienceaustralia.org.au/about/save-our-soils/sos-value-of-australias-soils/.
Soltani A & Sharifi E (2017). Daily variation of urban heat island effect and its correlation to urban greenery: a case study of Adelaide. Frontiers of Architectural Research 6(4):529–538.
Sommer B (2020). The Australian philanthropists spending big and fast to fight catastrophic climate change, ABC Radio National, Sydney, https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-11-18/spending-down-millions-climate-change-philanthropy/12880114.
Sparrow B, Foulkes J, Wardle G, Leitch E, Caddy-Retalic S, van Leeuwen S, Tokmakoff A, Thurgate N, Guerin G & Lowe A (2020). A vegetation and soil survey method for surveillance monitoring of rangeland environments. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8(157):1–18.
Speakman C, Hoskins A, Hindell M, Costa D, Hartog J, Hobday A & Arnould J (2020). Environmental influences on foraging effort, success and efficiency in female Australian fur seals. Scientific Reports 10(1):17710.
Spencer R-J, Van Dyke J, Petrov K, Ferronato B, McDougall F, Austin M, Keitel C & Georges A (2018). Profiling a possible rapid extinction event in a long-lived species. Biological Conservation 221:190–197.
Stamation K, Watson M, Moloney P, Charlton C & Bannister J (2020). Population estimate and rate of increase of southern right whales Eubalaena australis in southeastern Australia. Endangered Species Research 41:373–383.
Starko S, Bailey L, Creviston E, James K, Warren A, Brophy M, Danasel A, Fass M, Townsend J & Neufeld C (2019). Environmental heterogeneity mediates scale-dependent declines in kelp diversity on intertidal rocky shores. PLoS ONE 14(3):e0213191.
Steffen W & Hughes L (2013). The critical decade 2013: climate change science, risks and responses, Climate Commission Secretariat, Department of Industry, Innovation, Climate Change, Science, Research and Tertiary Education, Canberra.
Steffensen V (2020). Fire country: how Indigenous fire management could help save Australia, Hardie Grant Travel, Melbourne.
Steven R, Barnes M, Garnett ST, Garrard G, O’Connor J, Oliver JL, Robinson C, Tulloch A & Fuller RA (2019). Aligning citizen science with best practice: threatened species conservation in Australia. Conservation Science and Practice 1(10):e100.
Strain E, Olabarria C, Mayer-Pinto M, Cumbo V, Morris R, Bugnot A, Dafforn KA, Heery E, Firth L, Brooks P & Bishop M (2018). Eco-engineering built infrastructure for marine and coastal biodiversity: which interventions have the greatest ecological benefit? Journal of Applied Ecology 55(1):426–441.
Stronach M, Adair D & Maxwell H (2019). ‘Djabooly-djabooly: why don’t they swim?’: the ebb and flow of water in the lives of Australian Aboriginal women. Annals of Leisure Research 22(3):286–304.
Stuart-Smith R & Edgar G (2021a). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – oceanic reefs, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Stuart-Smith R & Edgar G (2021b). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – inner shelf (0–30 m) – reef fish species, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Stuart-Smith R, Barrett N, Crawford C, Frusher S, Stevenson D & Edgar G (2008). Spatial patterns in impacts of fishing on temperate rocky reefs: are fish abundance and mean size related to proximity to fisher access points? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 365(2):116–125.
Stuart-Smith R, Brown C, Ceccarelli D & Edgar G (2018). Ecosystem restructuring along the Great Barrier Reef following mass coral bleaching. Nature 560(7716):92–96.
Stuart-Smith R, Edgar G, Barrett N, Bates A, Baker S, Bax N et al. (2017). Assessing national biodiversity trends for rocky and coral reefs through the integration of citizen science and scientific monitoring programs. BioScience 67(2):134–146.
Stuart-Smith R, Mellin C, Bates A & Edgar G (2021). Habitat loss and range shifts contribute to ecological generalization among reef fishes. Nature Ecology and Evolution 5(5):656–662.
Studds CE, Kendall BE, Murray NJ, Wilson HB, Rogers DI, Clemens RS et al. (2017). Rapid population decline in migratory shorebirds relying on Yellow Sea tidal mudflats as stopover sites. Nature Communications 8(1):14895.
Sun D & Walsh D (1998). Review of studies on environmental impacts of recreation and tourism in Australia. Journal of Environmental Management 53(4):323–338.
Suncorp (2021). One house to save many, Suncorp, Sydney, https://onehouse.suncorp.com.au.
Suppiah R, Collier M & Kent D (2011). Climate change projections for the Torres Strait region. In: 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Perth, 12–16 December 2011, MODSIM.
Talbot LD (2017). Indigenous knowledge and governance in protected areas in Australia and Sweden, PhD thesis, James Cook University, Cairns.
Taxonomy Australia (2021). Taxonomy Australia, Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, https://www.taxonomyaustralia.org.au.
Taylor C & Lindenmayer DB (2020). Temporal fragmentation of a critically endangered forest ecosystem. Austral Ecology 45(3):340–354.
Taylor GS, Braby MF, Moir ML, Harvey MS, Sands DP, New TR, Kitching RL, McQuillan PB, Hogendoorn K & Glatz RV (2018a). Strategic national approach for improving the conservation management of insects and allied invertebrates in Australia. Austral Entomology 57(2):124–149.
Taylor L, Hahs AK & Hochuli DF (2018b). Wellbeing and urban living: nurtured by nature. Urban Ecosystems 21(1):197–208.
Taylor M (2020). Building nature’s safety net, WWF-Australia, Sydney.
Taylor M, Beyer-Robson J, Johnson D, Knott N & Bowles K (2018c). Bioaccumulation of perfluoroalkyl substances in exploited fish and crustaceans: spatial trends across two estuarine systems. Marine Pollution Bulletin 131:303–313.
Taylor-Brown A, Booth R, Gillett A, Mealy E, Ogbourne SM, Polkinghorne A & Conroy GC (2019). The impact of human activities on Australian wildlife. PLoS ONE 14:e0206958.
Tejedo P, Pertierra L & Benayas J (2014). Trampling the Antarctic: consequences of pedestrian traffic on Antarctic soils. In: Tin T, Liggett D, Maher P & Lamers M (eds), Antarctic futures: human engagement with the Antarctic environment, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
Terri Janke and Company (2018). Indigenous knowledge: issues for protection and management, IP Australia, Canberra.
TFND (Taskforce on Nature-related Financial Disclosures) (2021). Taskforce on Nature-related Financial Disclosures, TFND, international, https://tnfd.global.
TfNSW (Transport for New South Wales) (2015). Regional boating plan, Sydney Harbour region, TfNSW, Sydney.
Thackway R & Cresswell I (1995). An Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia: a framework for establishing the national system of reserves, version 4.0, Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Canberra.
The Australia Institute (2021). Why the Scarborough LNP development cannot proceed, Conservation Council of Western Australia, Perth.
Todd S & Maurer G (2020). Bushfire recovery where it matters most: impacts and actions in key biodiversity areas affected by the 2019/20 bushfire crisis, BirdLife Australia, Melbourne.
Tracey S, Lyle J, Stark K, Gray S, Moore A, Twiname S & Wotherspoon S (2020). National survey of recreational fishing for southern bluefin tuna in Australia 2018/19, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart.
Trebilco R (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – water column, off-shelf (oceanic) deep (>200 m), Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
TSRA (Torres Strait Regional Authority) (2014). Torres Strait climate change strategy 2014–2018, TSRA, Thursday Island.
TSRA (Torres Strait Regional Authority) (2016). Land and sea management strategy for Torres Strait 2016–2036, TSRA, Thursday Island.
TSSC (Threatened Species Scientific Committee) (2021). Invasion of northern Australia by gamba grass and other introduced grasses, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, Canberra, https://www.awe.gov.au/environment/biodiversity/threatened/key-threatening-processes/ministers-decision-invasion-by-gamba-grass-other-introduced-grasses.
TSX (Threatened Species Index) (2020). Australian Threatened Species Index, aggregated for National Environmental Science Program Threatened Species Recovery Hub Project 3.1, generated on 3 February 2021, TSX, Brisbane.
Turnbull JW, Clark GF & Johnston EL (2021a). Conceptualising sustainability through environmental stewardship and virtuous cycles: a new empirically-grounded model. Sustainability Science 16:1475–1487.
Turnbull JW, Johnston EL & Clark GF (2021b). Evaluating the social and ecological effectiveness of partially protected marine areas. Conservation Biology 35(3):921–932.
Turnbull JW, Johnston EL, Kajlich L & Clark GF (2020). Quantifying local coastal stewardship reveals motivations, models and engagement strategies. Biological Conservation 249:108714.
Tyack PL & Clark CW (2000). Communication and acoustic behavior of dolphins and whales. In: Au WWL, Fay RR & Popper AN (eds), Hearing by whales and dolphins: Springer handbook of auditory research, vol 12, Springer, New York.
Udyawer V, Barnes P, Bonnet X, Brischoux F, Crowe-Riddell J, D’Anastasi B et al. (2018). Future directions in the research and management of marine snakes. Frontiers in Marine Science 5:399.
Udyawer V, Oxenham K, Hourston M & Heupel M (2020). Distribution, fisheries interactions and assessment of threats to Australia’s sea snakes, report to the National Environmental Science Program, Marine Biodiversity Hub, Hobart.
Udyawer V, Simpfendorfer C, Heupel M & Clark T (2016). Coming up for air: thermal-dependence of dive behaviours and metabolism in sea snakes. Journal of Experimental Biology 219(21):3447–3454.
UNCEEA (United Nations Committee of Experts on Environmental–Economic Accounting) (2014). System of environmental–economic accounting 2012: central framework, UNCEEA, New York.
UNCEEA (United Nations Committee of Experts on Environmental–Economic Accounting) (2021). System of environmental–economic accounting: ecosystem accounting – final draft, UNCEEA, New York.
UNDRR (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction) (2015). Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction 2015–2030, UNDRR, Geneva.
UNEP & FAO (United Nations Environment Programme & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2021). United Nations decade on ecosystem restoration, UNEP & FAO, Nairobi, https://www.decadeonrestoration.org.
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) (2011). UNESCO recommendation on the historic urban landscape, UNESCO, Paris, https://whc.unesco.org/en/hul/.
UNPFII (United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues) (2007). Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: frequently asked questions, United Nations, New York.
Unsworth R & Cullen-Unsworth L (2014). Biodiversity, ecosystem services, and the conservation of seagrass meadows. Coastal Conservation 19:95.
VAGO (Victorian Auditor-General’s Office) (2021). Protecting Victoria’s biodiversity, Victorian Auditor-General’s independent assurance report to parliament, VAGO, Melbourne.
Van Dyke JU, Spencer RJ, Thompson MB, Chessman B, Howard K & Georges A (2019). Conservation implications of turtle declines in Australia’s Murray River system. Scientific Reports 9(1):1998.
Vertessy R, Barma D, Baumgartner L, Mitrovic S, Sheldon F & Bond N (2019). Independent assessment of the 2018–19 fish deaths in the Lower Darling: final report, Australian Government, Canberra.
Vince J, Hardesty B & Wilcox C (2020). Progress and challenges in eliminating illegal fishing. Fish and Fisheries 22(3):518–531.
VITA (Voyages Indigenous Tourism Australia) (2021). Sustainability at Voyages, VITA, Sydney, https://www.voyages.com.au/sustainability.
van Klinken RD & Friedel MH (2018). Unassisted invasions: understanding and responding to Australia’s high-impact environmental grass weeds. Australian Journal of Botany 65(8):678–690.
van Oldenborgh G, Krikken F, Lewis S, Leach N, Lehner F, Saunders K et al. (2021). Attribution of the Australian bushfire risk to anthropogenic climate change. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 21(3):941–960.
van Putten I, Jennings S, Hobday A, Bustamante R, Dutra L, Frusher S, Fulton E, Haward M, Plagányi É, Thomas L & Pecl G (2017). Recreational fishing in a time of rapid ocean change. Marine Policy 76:169–177.
van Ruth P & Matear R (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – primary production, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
WABSI & WAMSI (Western Australian Biodiversity Science Institute & Western Australian Marine Science Institution) (2019). Digitally transforming environmental assessment: leveraging digital information to streamline environmental assessment and approvals, WABSI and WAMSI, Perth.
Walker B (2019). Murray–Darling Basin Royal Commission report, SA Government, Adelaide.
Wall DH, Nielsen UN & Six J (2015). Soil biodiversity and human health. Nature 528(7580):69–76.
Ward A & Lassen M (2018). Scoping paper: expanding finance opportunities to support private land conservation in Australia, Australian Land Conservation Alliance, Melbourne.
Ward M, Carwardine J, Yong CJ, Watson JEM, Silcock J, Taylor GS et al. (2021). A national-scale dataset for threats impacting Australia’s imperiled flora and fauna. Ecology and Evolution 11:11749–11761.
Ward MS, Simmonds JS, Reside AE, Watson JEM, Rhodes JR, Possingham HP, Trezise J, Fletcher R, File L & Taylor M (2019). Lots of loss with little scrutiny: the attrition of habitat critical for threatened species in Australia. Conservation Science and Practice 1(11):e117.
Ware C, Williams K, Ferrier S, Faith D, Manion G, Hawkins B, Harwood T, Langston A, Meyers J, Perry J, Harding J & Fyfe S (in preparation). The value of targeted biological surveys: an assessment of Australia’s Bush Blitz program.
Warwick RM, Tweedley J & Potter I (2018). Microtidal estuaries warrant special management measures that recognise their critical vulnerability to pollution and climate change. Marine Pollution Bulletin 135:41–46.
Waycott M, Duarte C, Carruthers T, Orth R, Dennison W, Olyarnik S, Calladine A, Fourqurean J, Heck Jr. K, Hughes A, Kendrick G, Kenworthy W, Short F & Williams S (2009). Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(30):12377–12381.
Wegscheidl C, Sheaves M, McLeod I, Hedge P, Gillies C & Creighton C (2017). Sustainable management of Australia’s coastal seascapes: a case for collecting and communicating quantitative evidence to inform decision-making. Wetlands Ecology and Management 25(1):3–22.
Wen A (2020). ESG a growing global investment trend: research, Dynamic Business, Sydney, https://dynamicbusiness.com/featured/esg-a-growing-global-investment-trend-research.html.
Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists (2021). Submission to the Productivity Commission, National Water Reform 2020, draft report, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Sydney.
Wernberg T, Bennett S, Babcock R, de Bettignies T, Cure K, Depczynski M et al. (2016). Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem. Science 353(6295):169–172.
Wettenhall G & Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation (2010). The people of Budj Bim: engineers of aquaculture, builders of stone house settlements and warriors defending country, em PRESS Publishing for the Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Corporation, Heywood, Victoria.
Wilcox C, Hardesty B & Law K (2020). Abundance of floating plastic particles is increasing in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Science & Technology 54(2):790–796.
Wild Matters (2020). National established weed priorities: towards a national framework, Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, Canberra.
Wild Matters (2021). Developing a national established weed priorities framework: what is the future of established weed management in Australia? Framework status update 13 August 2021, Wild Matters, Melbourne.
Williams R (2008). Cultural safety: what does it mean for our work practice? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 23(2):213–214.
Williamson M & Fitter A (1996). The varying success of invaders. Ecology 77(6):1661–1666.
Willis K, Wilcox C, Vince J & Hardesty B (2019). The success of water refill stations reducing single-use plastic bottle litter. Sustainability 11(19):5232.
Wintle BA, Cadenhead NC, Morgain RA, Legge SM, Bekessy SA, Cantele M, Possingham HP, Watson JE, Maron M & Keith DA (2019). Spending to save: what will it cost to halt Australia’s extinction crisis? Conservation Letters 12(6):e12682.
WMO (World Meteorological Organization) (2021). State of the global climate 2020, WMO no. 1264, WMO, Geneva.
Woehler E (2021). SoE 2021 marine expert assessment: state and trend – seabirds, Australian Ocean Data Network, Hobart.
Woinarski JCZ, Braby MF, Burbidge AA, Coates D, Garnett ST, Fensham RJ, Legge SM, McKenzie NL, Silcock JL & Murphy BP (2019). Reading the black book: the number, timing, distribution and causes of listed extinctions in Australia. Biological Conservation 239:108261.
Woinarski JCZ, Burbidge AA & Harrison PL (2015). Ongoing unraveling of a continental fauna: decline and extinction of Australian mammals since European settlement. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112(15):4531–4540.
Wood G, Marzinelli E, Coleman M, Campbell A, Santini N, Kajlich L, Verdura J, Wodak J, Steinberg P & Vergés A (2019). Restoring subtidal marine macrophytes in the Anthropocene: trajectories and future-proofing. Marine and Freshwater Research 70(7):936.
Woodward E, Hill R, Harkness P & Archer R (eds) (2020). Our knowledge our way in caring for Country: Indigenous-led approaches to strengthening and sharing our knowledge for land and sea management. Best practice guidelines from Australian experiences, NAILSMA & CSIRO, Cairns.
World Economic Forum (2020). The global risks report 2021, 16th edn, World Economic Forum, Geneva.
Wraith J & Pickering C (2019). A continental scale analysis of threats to orchids. Biological Conservation 234:7–17.
WWF-Australia (2020). Australia’s 2019–20 bushfires: the wildlife toll, WWF-Australia, Sydney.
Yan D, Gellie NJC, Mills JG, Connell G, Bissett A, Lowe AJ & Breed MF (2020). A soil archaeal community responds to a decade of ecological restoration. Restoration Ecology 28(1):63–72.
Yap M & Yu E (2016). Operationalising the capability approach: developing culturally relevant indicators of indigenous wellbeing – an Australian example. Oxford Development Studies 44(3):315–331.
Young EJ, Bannister J, Buller N, Vaughan-Higgins R, Stephens N, Whiting S, Yeap L, Miller T & Warren K (2020). Streptococcus iniae associated mass marine fish kill off Western Australia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 142:197–201.
Young R, Trevenen L, Kim MK, Pandit R, Whitten S, Poole M & Kragt M (in press). The restoration economy in Western Australia. Western Australian Biodiversity Science Institute.
Zischka K, Leverington A & Figgis P (eds) (2013). Australia’s marine environment: progress, challenges and opportunities, Australian Committee for IUCN, Sydney.
Zosky G, Vander Hoorn S, Abramson M, Dwyer S, Green D, Heyworth J, Jalaludin B, McCrindle-Fuchs J, Tham R & Marks G (2021). Principles for setting air quality guidelines to protect human health in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia 214(6):doi: 10.5694/mja2.50964.